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Mejoras en la responsabilidad de la ICANN

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Anuncio del Foro: El período de comentarios abre el Fecha: 6 de mayo de 2014
Categorías/Etiquetas: Transparencia/responsabilidad
Propósito (Breve): Tal como se anunciara en la reunión pública llevada a cabo en Singapur en el mes de marzo, la ICANN está iniciando un debate sobre la mejora de su responsabilidad. El propósito de este debate es considerar de qué manera la ICANN continúa siendo responsable ante la ausencia de su relación contractual histórica con el gobierno de los Estados Unidos, y de la percepción de protección de la responsabilidad general de la ICANN como organización derivada de dicho rol. Si bien guarda relación con los debates en curso sobre la transición de la custodia de las funciones de la IANA, este proceso ocurre por separado.
Enlace al casillero de comentario público: http://www.icann.org/es/news/public-comment/enhancing-accountability-06may14-es.htm

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."