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现已提供统一快速暂停系统 (URS) 程序的更新版本 [PDF, 168 KB] 和 URS 规则以供下载。

URS 是新 gTLD 计划中新提供的多个权利保护机制之一。它通过向遭受侵权最为明显的权利持有者提供成本更低、见效更快的救助途径,对现行统一域名争议解决政策进行了补充。

URS 程序确定了 URS 索赔流程。这些规则将帮助服务提供商持续实施 URS。

由于上一个 URS 程序发布于 2012 年 6 月 4 日,因此一些细微修订之处运用了现在时而非将来时。其他修订阐释和简化了一些条款,并更正了微小的印刷错误。此外,还制定和新增了一系列规则 [PDF, 82 KB],这些规则类似于统一域名争议解决政策 (UDRP) 规则,用以提供各个方面的 URS 诉讼指导。

除 ICANN 发布的"规则"外,每个 URS 服务提供商也应该制定补充规则,以帮助规范化该提供商在与投诉人、应诉人进行沟通时的行为,但此类规则与"程序"或"规则"并不冲突。

URS 由机构群体出于机构群体的利益而制定,这是对多利益主体模式的又一印证。

下载 URS 程序 [PDF, 168 KB] 和规则 [PDF, 82 KB]。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."