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.ASIA One and Two Character Allocation Proposal

Comment Period Deadlines (*) Important Information Links
Public Comment Box
Open Date: 4 November 2011 To Submit Your Comments (Forum Closed)
Close Date: 16 Dec 2011 Time (UTC): 23:59 View Comments Submitted
Section I: Description, Explanation, and Purpose

DotAsia is proposing to amend its 2006 agreement ( to allow the introduction of one- and two-character .ASIA domains to the marketplace. The community is encouraged to comment on this proposal until 16 December 2011.

The implementation would be done through an equitable phased allocation program, which has three main components:

  1. A Pioneer Domains Program (a.k.a. and RFP process) to invite interested registrants to propose specific plans for use and promotion; and
  2. A Sunrise round for eligible trademark names holders and company names holders to submit applications for domains not allocated in the RFP round; and
  3. A Landrush and Auction round for domains not allocated during the Pioneer Domains Program and Sunrise processes. Similar to the .ASIA Startup processes, where more than one successfully verified application is received during any of the periods, an Auction will be held between the successfully verified applications.

This equitable phased allocation program is designed and aimed to ensure greater usage and promotion commitments resulting in awareness of the .ASIA domain within the community, and to better serve the Internet community in Asia Pacific region.

The language of the amendment can be seen in this Appendix 6 redlined draft [PDF, 276 KB], which should be read in conjunction with the RSEP request [PDF, 21 KB].
Section II: Background

This proposal [PDF, 21 KB] came to ICANN on 9 August 2011through the RSEP Process, which can be seen here: For details about the evaluation process, see:

Section III: Document and Resource Links
Section IV: Additional Information
Staff Contact: Karla Valente Email:

(*) Comments submitted after the posted Close Date/Time are not guaranteed to be considered in any final summary, analysis, reporting, or decision-making that takes place once this period lapses.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."