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Third Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT3) Draft Report

Open Date: 16 December 2019 Close Date: 31 January 2020
Originating Organization: The third Accountability and Transparency Review Team via Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives (MSSI)
Categories/Tags: Reviews/Improvements, Accountability/Transparency
Brief Overview:

This Public Comment proceeding is on behalf of the third Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT3). The ATRT3 seeks to solicit input on its draft report.

The report drafted by the ATRT3 contains findings, suggestions and recommendations with regard to ICANN accountability and transparency in key areas:

  • Board
  • Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC)
  • Public Input
  • Policy Development Process
  • Specific and Organizational Reviews
  • Accountability Indicators
  • Prioritization of Activities, Policies, and Recommendations

The ATRT3 collected opinions on ICANN's accountability and transparency from individuals and ICANN structures via a survey and engagement sessions at ICANN Public Meetings. This input helped the ATRT3 identify areas which require improvement and could benefit from a suggestion or recommendation. More information on the ATRT3's key findings, suggestions, and recommendations is detailed in the draft report summary (see Section 1).

The ATRT3 welcomes community comment on all sections of its draft report and highlights the following topics as particularly critical:

Specific and Organizational Reviews (see Section 10.5): As stated in the draft report, "Although ATRT3 could not come to consensus on a single proposal to address the issues related to Specific and Organizational Reviews it did manage to narrow the options down to two distinct possibilities for this draft report which are presented [in the report]. The ATRT3 is seeking input from community on these to assist it in coming to a conclusion on this topic for its final report."

Prioritization of activities, policies, and recommendations: The draft report includes a suggestion on this topic (see Section 12.4).


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."