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ICANN 历史项目:探寻 ICANN 早年岁月


洛杉矶——2017 年 10 月 19 日——ICANN 很高兴地宣布 ICANN 历史项目第二主题现已发布——ICANN 早年岁月。

ICANN 历史项目采访了 ICANN 建立之初及后续发展期间的重要人物。我们按照不同主题呈现这一项目,使您能够深入了解您最感兴趣的话题。

第一主题重点关注了 ICANN 与美国政府之间的关系。第二主题则关注 ICANN 的早年岁月——包括有哪些事件最终促成了组织的成立,包括本组织在最初几年间的运营情况。

如需了解更多信息,请访问。在此,您能够通过互动时间轴和主要人物视频访谈来了解信息,这些人物包括:ICANN 首任首席执行官麦克·罗伯茨 (Mike Roberts)、ICANN 首任董事会主席埃斯特·戴森 (Esther Dyson),以及 ICANN 社群和组织内部的一些最初成员。

如果您希望分享您对 ICANN 初期的技术、法务、政治、商业和结构演变的看法,请将您的博客、视频或照片的链接通过推特 (Twitter) #ICANNHistory 发送给我们。



ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调并支持这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."