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The ICANN History Project Goes Live

LOS ANGELES – 4 May 2017 – ICANN is pleased to announce the launch of the ICANN History Project. The project seeks to preserve ICANN's institutional memory by capturing stories from key figures who helped to shape the organization from its origins to the present day.

To get started, visit There, you'll find interviews with key figures such as Ira Magaziner, former Senior Policy Advisor to President Bill Clinton; Larry Strickling, former Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information and Administrator, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce; Vint Cerf, one of the "fathers of the Internet"; Dr. Stephen Crocker, ICANN Board Chair; and many other major players from ICANN's past.

We're presenting the ICANN History Project through thematic tracks so that you can delve into the topics that interest you most. The first track focuses on ICANN's relationship with the United States Government, from the U.S. Government's role in the establishment and development of ICANN to the steps leading up to the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Stewardship Transition.

If you want to contribute your own experiences to this project, we encourage you to share your ICANN memories with us. Send us a link to your blogs, videos or pictures via Twitter using the hashtag #ICANNHistory.

If you have any questions, please email us at

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."