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Tokyo Presentations Published

On 26-27 August 2010, ICANN hosted its Asia/Pacific Regional Registry/Registrar Event in Tokyo, Japan. ICANN shared news of this event with the community in its 14 July 2010 blog post.

ICANN's primary goals in convening regional events are two-fold. First, they are a means, an educational opportunity, to discuss topics important to the effective operation of a gTLD registry or ICANN-accredited registrar. And second, to broaden participation in the ICANN multi-stakeholder governance model for registry and registrar staff who may not generally attend ICANN’s public meetings. For example, 11 of the 28 post-event survey respondents (39%) indicated that Tokyo was their first regional event. Additionally, 6 of the 28 respondents (21%) indicated they had been to one or fewer ICANN public meetings.  

While the agenda for ICANN general meetings includes policy issue debates and decision-making by various ICANN groups, these regional events have a different focus.  They are not intended as a replacement for attendance at the ICANN meetings, but are designed to assure that the parties to contracts with ICANN better understand their roles and responsibilities while encouraging them to participate more fully in the process.

ICANN staff provided updates and answered questions on topics including, gTLD Registry Transition Processes, new gTLDs, Security, GSNO Policy Development, Registrar Contact Change Process, New Registrar Accreditation Agreement Implementation, Contractual Compliance, Registrar Training Program, De-accredited Registrar Transition Program, and DNSSEC. Additionally, Chuck Gomes, Chair of the GSNO Council, led a session about the GNSO, and Adrian Kinderis, GNSO Councilor from the Registrar Stakeholder Group, and David Maher, Chair of the gTLD Registries Stakeholder Group, shared information about participation in their respective stakeholder groups. Lastly, the following gTLD registries opted to provide an update on their TLDs’ activities to attendees: DotAsia (.ASIA), Afilias (.INFO), Public Interest Registry (.ORG), Neustar (.BIZ) and mTLD Top Level Domain, Ltd. (.MOBI).

In the interest of transparency, the following information is available from the event. The master presentation file is available in English, Chinese, Japanese and Korean.


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."