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A simple resolver that is a part of the operating system on an Internet user’s computer. When a user clicks a link or types a uniform resource locator (URL) in a web browser, the stub resolver sends a recursive query to a designated resolver. A recursive query instructs the resolver to either return the Internet Protocol (IP) address for the requested resource or return an error. Stub resolvers do not accept referrals to other name servers.
A domain that resides within a higher-level domain in the Domain Name System hierarchy. For example, the domains community.icann.org and gnso.icann.org are subdomains of the second-level domain icann.org. The domain icann.org is a subdomain of the top-level domain .org.
Subdomains can be delegated to specific entities. Registrars, for example, delegate second-level domains to registrants. The registrants can then delegate subdomains within their second-level domains.
In the New Generic Top-Level Domain Program (New gTLD Program), a period of at least 30 days during the launch of a new gTLD. During this period, trademark holders have an opportunity to register domain names corresponding to their marks before domain name registration is generally available to the public.
A service provided by the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) that allows trademark holders to register domain names associated with their marks before registration is generally available to the public. To use this service, trademark holders must have their marks and proof of use verified by the TMCH.
A formally recognized body under the ICANN Bylaws that is charged with developing policy recommendations for a particular area of ICANN's operations. Supporting Organizations are composed of volunteers from the community. The Bylaws recognize three SOs:
- Address Supporting Organization (ASO)
- Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO)
- Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO)
System for Standardized Access/Disclosure to Nonpublic Generic Top-Level Domain Registration Data(SSAD)
A system recommended by the second phase of the Expedited Policy Development Process on the Temporary Specification for Generic Top-Level Domain Registration Data (EPDP-TempSpec) to bring the requests and disclosure of generic top-level domain (gTLD) name registration data information into compliance with the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). The hybrid model design is intended to provide a predictable, transparent, and accountable mechanism in which requests would be centralized and disclosure decisions would typically (in the initial implementation) be made by contracted parties. The system is still under consideration.