Office of the Chief Technology Officer(OCTO)
A unit within the ICANN organization that is led by the Chief Technology Officer. OCTO works to improve and disseminate knowledge about the identifiers that ICANN helps coordinate. OCTO divides its efforts between research (OCTO Research) and ensuring the security, stability, and resiliency of the Internet’s global identifier systems (OCTO-SSR).
OCTO Research provides trusted and verifiable information to the Internet community regarding the Internet’s system of unique identifiers. The OCTO-SSR team engages in collaborative, multistakeholder efforts to ensure the security, stability, and resiliency of the global systems of Internet identifiers.
Open Data Initiative
An effort that began in 2016 to make eligible ICANN data sets available for easy public discovery and access. In accordance with ICANN's commitment to transparency, the Open Data Initiative aims to make as much data as possible available for the benefit of the community and the general public.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD)
An intergovernmental organization based in Paris that provides a forum where governments can work together to find solutions to common problems. With a shared commitment to market economies backed by democratic institutions, the OECD promotes policies that seek to improve the economic and social well-being of people worldwide.
The OECD is an observer in the Governmental Advisory Committee in ICANN.
Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards(OASIS)
A nonprofit consortium of over 600 organizations and individual members from around the world that work together to advance the development and adoption of open standards for structured information. The consortium has been instrumental in defining many communication protocols that are based on the Extensible Markup Language (XML). OASIS has developed more than 80 standards, some of which have become ISO standards or World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) recommendations.
Organizational Effectiveness Committee(OEC)
A group of ICANN Board members that oversees certain Organizational Reviews, as mandated by the ICANN Bylaws. These reviews are intended to assess whether ICANN is achieving key organizational objectives and whether its organizational structure is effective and relevant to its mission. In addition to overseeing the completion of these reviews, the OEC oversees the implementation of recommendations that the reviews produce.
Periodic reviews required by the ICANN Bylaws to assess the performance and operation of each Supporting Organization, each Supporting Organization Council, each Advisory Committee (other than the Governmental Advisory Committee), and the Nominating Committee. Independent examiners conduct Organizational Reviews to assess:
- Whether the organization, council, or committee has a continuing purpose in the ICANN structure
- Whether any change in structure or operations is desirable to improve its effectiveness
- Whether the organization, council, or committee is accountable to its constituencies, stakeholder groups, organizations, and other stakeholders
Section 4.4 in the ICANN Bylaws provides details about performing Organizational Reviews. Reports from past reviews are available on the ICANN website, along with progress updates for any Organizational Reviews that are underway.