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Organizational Effectiveness Committee of the Board

  • photo of Khaled Koubaa
    Khaled Koubaa
  • photo of Avri Doria
    Avri Doria
  • photo of Rafael Lito Ibarra
    Rafael Lito Ibarra
  • Photo of Danko Jevtovic
    Danko Jevtovic
  • photo of León Felipe Sanchez Ambia
    León Felipe Sanchez Ambia
  • photo of Matthew Shears
    Matthew Shears


The Organizational Effectiveness Committee (OEC) of the ICANN Board is responsible for the following:

  1. The review and oversight of all organizational reviews mandated by Article 4, Section 4 of ICANN's Bylaws or any replacement or revisions to that Section of the Bylaws (Organizational Reviews), which are aimed at enhancing ICANN's overall effectiveness, and achieving specific organizational objectives, structural relevance and effectiveness.

  2. The review and oversight of all Specific Reviews mandated by Section 4.6 of ICANN Bylaws or any replacement or revisions to that section of the Bylaws, which are aimed at reviewing ICANN's execution of commitments relating to: Accountability and Transparency; Security, Stability and Resiliency; Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice; and Registration Directory Service.

  3. The review and oversight of policies, processes, and procedures relating to the Organizational and Specific Reviews (collectively "Reviews").

  4. The development and maintenance of a Review Framework, which is subject to Board approval, that encapsulates the policies, processes and procedures applicable to the conduct of the Reviews.


The Structural Improvements Committee (SIC) of the ICANN Board was established by the Board at its 7 November 2008 meeting. The SIC proposed revisions to its former version of the charter, including a name change to Organizational Effectiveness Committee (OEC) in 2015. The name change was intended to provide the ICANN community with more clarity about the purpose and focus of organizational reviews and how the reviews are conducted. In accordance with its responsibility, the Board Governance Committee (BGC) reviewed and agreed with the SIC's proposed revisions to the Committee's name and its Charter. The Board approved the charter and name change at its 28 July 2015 meeting. At the Board's 16 March 2017, the Board approved a revised charter for the OEC that expanded its responsibilities to also include the oversight of Specific Reviews.

The Committee is responsible for review and oversight of policies relating to ICANN's ongoing organizational review process as mandated by Article IV, Section 4 of ICANN's Bylaws.


The OEC's Charter was approved by the Board on 16 March 2017. The Committee's original charter was adopted and approved by the Board on 6 March 2009. The charter was later revised by the Board on 28 July 2015. The charter was subsequently revised by the Board on 2 November 2017.

Presentations at ICANN Public Meetings

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."