A document developed by the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee that details a set of principles agreed by governments on how country code top-level domains (ccTLDs) should be delegated and run. Formally known as the “Principles for the Delegation and Administration of ccTLDs,” it is one of a number of documents that guide ICANN’s evaluation of a ccTLD delegation request.
General Data Protection Regulation(GDPR)
The General Data Protection Regulation was adopted by the European Union (EU) on 14 April 2016 and takes effect on 25 May 2018 uniformly across the EU countries. According to the European Commission, the aim of the GDPR is to protect all EU residents from privacy and data breaches. It applies to all companies processing and holding the personal data of subjects residing in the European Union, regardless of a company's location.
A group of community volunteers who come together to create a set of Root Zone Label Generation Rules (RZ-LGR) for a specific script or writing system. This group performs the first phase of the Procedure to Develop and Maintain the Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone in Respect of Internationalized Domain Names in Applications (IDNA) Labels.
A Generation Panel is composed of individuals with experience or interest in the language, writing system, or script used by a particular community of Internet users. To begin development of an RZ-LGR, the GP must meet certain requirements and obtain approval from the ICANN organization.
Generic Names Supporting Organization(GNSO)
One of three Supporting Organizations in the ICANN community. The GNSO develops policies relating to generic top-level domains (gTLDs). Its membership consists of representatives advocating for gTLD registry, gTLD registrar, noncommercial, not-for-profit, business, intellectual property, and Internet service provider and connectivity interests.
Generic Names Supporting Organization Council(GNSO Council)
For voting purposes, the GNSO Council is divided into two bodies called houses. The members of the Contracted Parties House represent the interests of gTLD registries and gTLD registrars. The members of the Non-Contracted Parties House represent the interests of commercial and noncommercial entities. This structure provides checks and balances so that no single interest group dominates the Council.
A top-level domain name consisting of a word or term that denominates or describes a general class of goods, services, groups, organizations, or things, as opposed to distinguishing a specific brand of goods, services, groups, organizations from each other. Examples include .accountant, .design, or .global.
generic top-level domain(gTLD)
The class of top-level domains that includes general-purpose domains such as .com, .net, .edu, and .org. This class also includes domains associated with the New Generic Top-Level Domain Program (New gTLD Program), which includes names such as .futbol, .istanbul, and .pizza, and names in other alphabets and languages.
Some gTLDs, known as sponsored gTLDs, represent a specific community of Internet users. In these cases, the community’s sponsor develops the rules and policies specific to the gTLD. Examples include .aero, .coop, and .museum.
Generic Top-Level Domain Marketplace Health Index(gTLD Marketplace Health Index)
Global Amendment to the base New Generic Top-Level Domain Registry Agreement
Global Support Center(GSC)
The ICANN organization’s network of customer service centers that provide information and technical assistance to ICANN’s contracted registry operators, accredited registrars, new generic top-level domain (gTLD) applicants, and the Internet community at large. The GSC has support centers around the world that operate 24 hours a day, Monday through Friday. Besides the six United Nations languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish), the GCS provides voice support in Turkish.
A resource record in a zone file that provides the Internet Protocol (IP) address of an authoritative name server for a subdomain. When a parent domain delegates administrative authority to a subdomain, the parent’s zone file must include:
Governmental Advisory Committee(GAC)
One of four Advisory Committees in the ICANN community. The GAC advises the ICANN Board on public policy issues, particularly in areas where ICANN policies intersect with national laws and international agreements.
The GAC membership includes members from national governments and distinct economies, and observers from intergovernmental organizations and multinational treaty organizations.
Governmental Advisory Committee Advice on New Generic Top-Level Domains(GAC Advice on New gTLDs)
Governmental Advisory Committee Communiqué(GAC Communiqué)
A formal report of the proceedings from an official meeting of the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC). A GAC Communiqué is one form of written communication the GAC uses to communicate its advice to the ICANN Board. Typically, the GAC issues a communiqué at the end of each ICANN Public Meeting. All communiqués issued by the GAC are translated and made available on the GAC website.