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Empowered Community Correspondence

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2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017

Date Correspondence Sender Affiliation Issue Related Correspondence
28 February 2020

Letter from ECA to ICANN Secretary Confirming the ccNSO Selection for ICANN Board Seat 11
[Published on 2 March 2020]

ECA Designation of Board Seat 11 Notice from ccNSO to ECA on Board Seat 11 Appointment
28 February 2020

Notice from ccNSO to ECA on Board Seat 11 Appointment
[Published on 28 February 2020]

ccNSO Designation of Board Seat 11  
25 February 2020

Letter from ECA to ICANN Secretary Announcing the Expiry of Rejection Action Board Notice
[Published on 26 February 2020]

EC Administration Termination of Rejection Action Secretary's Notice of Board Approval of FY21 IANA Budget
4 February 2020

Letter from ICANN Secretary Responding to ASO's Inspection Request
[Published on 5 February 2020]

ICANN Secretary Inspection Request Letter from ASO to ICANN Secretary Requesting an Inspection
30 January 2020

Secretary`s Notice of Board Approval of FY21 IANA Budget
[Published on 31 January 2020]

ICANN Secretary Empowered Community`s Power to Reject  
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."