ICANN is pleased to announce that China's request for .China in Simplified and Traditional Chinese respectively has passed an important milestone. China requested two Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) country code top-level domain (ccTLD) strings through ICANN's IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process.
Each string completed the String Evaluation in the Fast Track Process (details provided here). As China has requested two equivalent strings, they will be further evaluated under the Synchronized IDN ccTLD Evaluation Process (this process is first pending finalization and is currently posted for public comment). Upon successful completion of the evaluation for synchronized IDN ccTLDs, China may initiate delegation of the synchronized IDN ccTLDs by following ICANN's standard processes for TLD delegation, through the IANA function.
The evaluation process for synchronized IDN ccTLDs is intended to solve a problem for the community by evaluating requests for corresponding strings considered to be equivalent where users of the community accessing domains under any of the strings expect that such domains will resolve to the same address or value.
Details about that process can be found here.
The IDN (Internationalized Domain Name) ccTLD Fast Track Process was approved by the ICANN Board at its annual meeting in Seoul, South Korea on 30 October 2009. First requests were received starting 16 November 2009. The process enables countries and territories to submit requests to ICANN for IDN ccTLDs, representing their respective country or territory names in scripts other than Latin. IDN ccTLD requesters must fulfil a number of requirements:
- the script used to represent the IDN ccTLDs must be non-Latin;
- the languages used to express the IDN ccTLDs must be official in the corresponding country or territory; and
- a specific set of technical requirements must be met (as evaluated by an external DNS Stability Panel comprised of DNS and IDN experts).
The request and evaluation processes are comprised of three steps:
- Preparation (by the requester in the country / territory): Community consensus and supporting documentation are assembled for the IDN ccTLD: what string to rquest, how the TLD is operated, and which organization will be running it, along with preparing and gathering all the required supporting documentation.
- String Evaluation: requests for IDN ccTLDs are evaluated in accordance with the criteria described above. i.e., the technical and linguistic requirements for the IDN ccTLD string(s). Applications and supporting materials are received through an online system, http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track/.
- String Delegation: requests successfully meeting string evaluation criteria are eligible to apply for delegation following the same ICANN IANA process as is used for ASCII based ccTLDs. String delegation requests are submitted to IANA root zone management function.
ICANN is looking forward to enabling the availability of these strings in the DNS root zone, by completion of the Synchronized IDN ccTLD Evaluation Process and the String Delegation function, as well as finalizing the remaining received requests in String Evaluation, and receiving additional new requests in the Fast Track Process. A staff support function is available to help all countries and territories interested in participating in the Fast Track Process. Please email firstname.lastname@example.org for any inquiries for participation.
Updates about received numbers of applications and the number of completions will continue to be provided on the Fast Track Process web page at http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track
To reach another person on the Internet you have to type an address into your computer a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN coordinates these unique identifiers across the world. Without that coordination we wouldn't have one global Internet. ICANN was formed in 1998. It is a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet's unique identifiers. ICANN doesn't control content on the Internet. It cannot stop spam and it doesn't deal with access to the Internet. But through its coordination role of the Internet's naming system, it does have an important impact on the expansion and evolution of the Internet. For more information please visit: http://www.icann.org