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每次召开董事会工作坊前,ICANN 组织高管团队会编撰一份呈交给董事会的报告,总结各个部门的工作要点、主要成就,并简要介绍近期活动。为了持续承诺加大透明度,我们将公开发布这些报告。

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构建更加安全的域名系统 (DNS) 生态系统

一年将尽,我要借此机会给大家介绍一下 ICANN 在欧盟 (European Union, EU) 颁布的《通用数据保护条例 (General Data Protection Regulation, GDPR)》方面所做的努力,以及 2021 年我们有什么期待。

快速政策制定流程 (EPDP) 第 2 阶段工作建议

本人已在 10 月撰文中提到,快速政策制定流程 (Expedited Policy Development Process, EPDP) 第 2 阶段工作团队已向通用名称支持组织 (Generic Names Supporting Organization, GNSO) 理事会提交了其《最终报告》,理事会也接受了这份报告并将其呈交给了 ICANN 董事会供其考量。当 GNSO 针对一项政策做出决定时,ICANN 董事会将指示我们执行这项政策,这也是 ICANN...

向 2020 年挥手告别!

合作与共识:了解 EPDP 的工作

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ICANN 组织致董事会报告

每次召开董事会工作坊前,ICANN 组织高管团队会编撰一份呈交给董事会的报告,总结各个部门的工作要点、主要成就,并简要介绍近期活动。

ICANN Org Report to the Board [2020年3月30日 — 2020年9月4日]

ICANN Org Report to the Board [2019年12月3日 — 2020年3月27日]

ICANN Org Report to the Board [2019年8月3日 — 2019年11月29日]

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马跃然 (Göran Marby) 是一名在互联网和技术行业拥有 20 多年丰富经验的高级管理人员,并曾任独立监管机构瑞典邮政电信总局 (Swedish Post and Telecom Authority, PTS) 的局长,与国际组织和标准制定机构有着紧密的合作。



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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."