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Panelist Company ICANN Region Start Date
Lyman Chapin (Chair) Interisle Consulting Group, LLC NA 01 Mar 2006
Alejandro Pisanty UNAM LAC 05 Jan 2015
Ann-Mari Eklund Löwinder Amelsec AB EUR 01 Aug 2014
Barbara Roseman Torque Systems NA 01 Jul 2019
Fredrik Ljunggren Kirei AB EUR 04 Jun 2014
Greg Aaron Illumintel, Inc. NA 01 Oct 2014
Hirofumi Hotta Japan Registry Services Company AP 12 May 2014
Jaap Akkerhuis NLnet Labs EUR 01 Jul 2015
Jakob Schlyter Kirei AB EUR 04 Jun 2014
Jim Reid RTFM LLP EUR 12 May 2014
João Luis Silva Damas Bond Internet Systems EUR 04 Jun 2014
John Dickinson Sinodun Internet Technologies EUR 01 Jun 2015
Mark Kosters Kosters Enterprises, LLC NA 04 Jun 2014
Mark McFadden Internet Policy Advisors, LLC NA 01 Oct 2014
Ólafur Guðmundsson OGUD Consulting NA 01 Oct 2014
Ondřej Surý DNS Rocks LLC EUR 12 May 2014
Paul Wouters No Hats Corporation NA 01 Apr 2015
Susan Estrada Self NA 04 Jun 2014
Tina Dam Self EUR 01 Jul 2022
Wil Tan Cloud Registry Pty. Ltd AP 12 May 2014
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."