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Board Strategic Planning Committee

  • Photo of Matthew Shears
    Matthew Shears
    Chair
  • Photo of Becky Burr
    Becky Burr
    Member
  • Photo of Edmon Chung
    Edmon Chung
    Member
  • Photo of Avri Doria
    Avri Doria
    Member
  • Photo of James Galvin
    James Galvin
    Non-Voting Member
  • Photo of Danko Jevtović
    Danko Jevtović
    Member
  • Photo of León Sánchez
    León Sánchez
    Member
  • Photo of Tripti Sinha
    Tripti Sinha
    Member

Background

The Board Strategic Planning Committee was established by resolution on 22 October 2020.

Charter

The SPC's Charter was approved by the Board on 22 October 2020.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."