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DNS 安全性、稳定性和灵活性审核小组 (SSR RT) 最终报告

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意见征询期/回复期 (*) 重要信息链接
意见征询开始日期: 2012 年 6 月 21 日
意见征询结束日期: 2012 年 7 月 30 日
结束时间(世界 标准时间): 23:59 UTC 公众意见征询公告
回复开始日期: 已取消 - 无意见 提交意见(论坛已关闭)
回复结束日期:   查看提交的意见
结束时间(世界 标准时间):   公众意见报告
简要概述
发起机构: DNS 安全性、稳定性和灵活性审核小组 (SSR RT)
类别/标签:
  • 审查/改进
  • SSR
  • 安全性/稳定性
  • 透明度/问责制
目的(概要): DNS 安全性、稳定性和灵活性审核小组 (SSR RT) 向 ICANN 理事会提交了其最终报告和建议 [PDF, 783 KB],并要求征询公众意见以供理事会后续考量和采取行动。
现状: 对最终报告征询公众意见
后续步骤: 根据《义务确认书》,理事会将在收到建议(最终报告)后六个月内采取行动。
工作人员联系人: Alice Jansen 电子邮件: alice.jansen@icann.org
详细信息
第 I 部分:描述、说明和目的
根据 ICANN 与美国商务部达成的《义务确认书》(AoC) 协议而成立的 DNS 安全性、稳定性和灵活性审核小组 (SSR RT) 向 ICANN 理事会提交了 最终报告和建议 [PDF, 783 KB],并且该文档现已发布以征询公众意见。建议根据从在线 公众意见征询 流程收到的针对审核小组 报告草案 [PDF, 751 KB] 的反馈最终确定。
第 II 部分:背景信息
在过去 19 个月的工作中,DNS 安全性、稳定性和灵活性审核小组开展了大量外展活动,在 ICANN 内外进行沟通。在事实调查、关键文件分析和与专家面谈的基础上制定了最终报告。审核小组在制定报告的过程中也考虑了从公众意见征询、公众论坛和单独会议收到的来自支持组织、咨询委员会和社群的意见。
第 III 部分:文档和资源链接

可通过以下链接获取 DNS 安全性、稳定性和灵活性审核小组最终报告:http://www.icann.org/zh/about/aoc-review/ssr/final-report-20jun12-zh.pdf [PDF, 783 KB]

第 IV 部分:其他信息

邀请机构群体在 2012 年 7 月 30 日前提供关于最终报告的意见。请将您的意见发送至: ssr-rt-final-report@icann.org

由于理事会在 ICANN 布拉格会议开幕前四天收到本文档,因此延长了意见征询期,以在会议结束后考虑机构群体的意见和建议。


(*) 对于在公布的征询期结束日期/时间之后提交的意见和建议,不能保证在结束期后制订/做出的任何最终摘要、分析、报告或决策中予以考虑。

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."