Skip to main content
Resources

Board Documents | Resolutions

Approved Board Resolutions | Open Session of Board workshop, Los Angeles | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

8 September 2019 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board – Open Session

23 June 2019 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

15 May 2019 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

3 May 2019 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

14 March 2019 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

10 March 2019 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

1 March 2019 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

27 January 2019 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

16 January 2019 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

6 November 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Organizational Meeting of the ICANN Board

25 October 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

25 October 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

3 October 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

16 September 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

21 August 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

18 July 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

23 June 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

30 May 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

17 May 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

13 May 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

3 May 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

15 March 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

4 February 2018 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

13 December 2017 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Organizational Meeting of the ICANN Board

2 November 2017 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

2 November 2017 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

29 October 2017 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

23 September 2017 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

23 September 2017 | Committee: Board

Approved Executive Committee Resolutions | Meeting of the Board Executive Committee

29 June 2017 | Committee: Board, Executive

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

24 June 2017 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

18 May 2017 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

19 April 2017 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

16 March 2017 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

3 February 2017 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

13 December 2016 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Organizational Meeting of the ICANN Board

8 November 2016 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

8 November 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

5 November 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

30 September 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

17 September 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

15 September 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

9 August 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

27 June 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

25 June 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

27 May 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

15 May 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

19 April 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

10 March 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

9 March 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

3 March 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

3 February 2016 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

2 December 2015 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Organizational Meeting of the ICANN Board

22 October 2015 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

22 October 2015 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

21 October 2015 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

18 October 2015 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

28 September 2015 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

28 September 2015 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

21 August 2015 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

28 July 2015 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

16 July 2015 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

25 June 2015 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

21 June 2015 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

21 June 2015 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

5 June 2015 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

26 April 2015 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

25 April 2015 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

1 April 2015 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

12 February 2015 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

12 February 2015 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

11 February 2015 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

5 February 2015 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

11 December 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

3 December 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

17 November 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

7 November 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

28 October 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Organizational Meeting of the ICANN Board

16 October 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

16 October 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

12 – 14 October 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

11 October 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

9 September 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

8 September 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

30 July 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

30 July 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

18 July 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

26 June 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

21 June 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

6 June 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

14 May 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

30 April 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

29 April 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

3-4 April 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

27 March 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

26 March 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

26 March 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

22 March 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

5 March 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

17 February 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

7 February 2014 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

5 February 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

30 January 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

9 January 2014 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Organizational Meeting of the ICANN Board

21 November 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

21 November 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

20 November 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

20 November 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

17 November 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

16 November 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

5 November 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

23 October 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

7 October 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

28 September 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

28 September 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

10 September 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

22 August 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

13 August 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

18 July 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board - Executive Session

17 July 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

17 July 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

13 July 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

2 July 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

27 June 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

25 June 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolutions | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

18 June 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

4 June 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

18 May 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

18 May 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

11 April 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

11 April 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

26 March 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

28 February 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

2 February 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

2 February 2013 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

1 February 2013 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

20 December 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

26 November 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

8 November 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

18 October 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Organizational Meeting of the ICANN Board

18 October 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

13 October 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

3 October 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

13 September 2012 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

13 September 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

28 August 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Written Consent Actions of the ICANN Board

2 August 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

27 July 2012 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

27 June 2012 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

27 June 2012 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

23 June 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

31 May 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved New gTLD Program Committee Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

6 May 2012 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

6 May 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolution | Meeting of the New gTLD Program Committee

10 April 2012 | Committee: Board, New gTLD

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

10 April 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

28 March 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

16 March 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

15 March 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

14 March 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved New gTLD Resolutions | Special Meeing of the ICANN Board

14 March 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

7 February 2012 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

8 December 2011 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board | Dakar

28 October 2011 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Organizational Meeting of the ICANN Board | Dakar

28 October 2011 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

22 October 2011 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

11 October 2011 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Meeting of the ICANN Board

17 September 2011 | Committee: Board

Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

25 August 2011 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

28 July 2011 | Committee: Board

Adopted Resolutions | Board of Directors Meeting | Singapore

25 June 2011 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Singapore

24 June 2011 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Singapore

20 June 2011 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the Board of Directors

21 April 2011 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Silicon Valley / San Francisco

18 March 2011 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board of Directors

25 January 2011 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Cartagena

10 December 2010 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board of Directors | Cartagena, Colombia

8 December 2010 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions

5 November 2010 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Special Meeting of the ICANN Board of Directors

28 October 2010 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions

25 September 2010 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions

5 August 2010 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions - Executive Committee Meeting

28 July 2010 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Brussels

25 June 2010 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions

22 April 2010 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Nairobi

12 March 2010 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Seoul

30 October 2009 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Sydney, Australia

26 June 2009 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Mexico

6 March 2009 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Cairo

7 November 2008 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Paris

26 June 2008 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | New Delhi

15 February 2008 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Los Angeles

2 November 2007 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions - San Juan, Puerto Rico

29 June 2007 | Committee: Board

Adopted Resolutions from ICANN Board Meeting

30 March 2007 | Committee: Board

Adopted Resolutions from ICANN Board Meeting

8 December 2006 | Committee: Board

Adopted Resolutions from ICANN Board Meeting

22 November 2006 | Committee: Board

Adopted Resolutions from ICANN Board Meeting

18 October 2006 | Committee: Board

Regular Meeting of the Board Adopted Resolutions

30 June 2006 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board Preliminary Report

14 June 2006 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board Adopted Resolutions

9 June 2006 | Committee: Board

Adopted Resolutions Special Meeting of the Board

10 May 2006 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board Preliminary Report

18 April 2006 | Committee: Board

Regular Meeting of the Board Preliminary Report

31 March 2006 | Committee: Board

Rejection of Proposed sTLD Agreement with .XXX

30 March 2006 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board | Preliminary Report

28 February 2006 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board Preliminary Report

21 February 2006 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board Preliminary Report

10 January 2006 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Board Organizational Meeting | Vancouver, Canada

4 December 2005 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions | Annual Meeting of the Board | Vancouver, Canada

4 December 2005 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board Preliminary Report

8 November 2005 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board Preliminary Report

24 October 2005 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board | Preliminary Report

12 October 2005 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board | Preliminary Report

15 September 2005 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board Preliminary Report

16 August 2005 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board Approved Resolutions

28 July 2005 | Committee: Board

ICANN Board Meeting, Luxembourg Approved Resolutions

15 July 2005 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board Approved Resolutions

28 June 2005 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board Approved Resolutions

7 June 2005 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board Approved Resolutions

1 June 2005 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board | Approved Resolutions

3 May 2005 | Committee: Board

Adopted Board Resolutions Mar del Plata, Argentina

8 April 2005 | Committee: Board

Approved Resolutions | Special Meeting of the Board

20 December 2004 | Committee: Board

Special Meeting of the Board

13 December 2004 | Committee: Board

ICANN Board Organizational Meeting in Cape Town, South Africa

5 December 2004 | Committee: Board

ICANN Board Resolutions in Cape Town, South Africa

5 December 2004 | Committee: Board

Adopted Resolutions | Special Meeting of the Board

15 November 2004 | Committee: Board

Adopted Resolutions | Special Meeting of the Board

18 October 2004 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions

30 September 2004 | Committee: Board

Resolutions Adopted at Special ICANN Board Meeting | Special Meeting of the Board

30 August 2004 | Committee: Board

Resolutions Adopted at Kuala Lumpur ICANN Board Meeting | Regular Meeting of the Board, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

23 July 2004 | Committee: Board

Approved Board Resolutions | Meeting No. 7/2004

29 June 2004 | Committee: Board

Resolutions Adopted at Special ICANN Board Meeting | Special Meeting of the Board via Telephone

25 May 2004 | Committee: Board

Resolutions Adopted at Special ICANN Board Meeting | Special Meeting of the Board via Telephone

11 May 2004 | Committee: Board

Resolutions Adopted at Special ICANN Board Meeting | Special Meeting of the Board via Telephone

19 April 2004 | Committee: Board

Resolutions Adopted at Rome ICANN Board Meeting | Regular Meeting of the Board, Rome, Italy

6 March 2004 | Committee: Board

Resolutions | Board Action by Unanimous Consent

29 October 1999 | Committee: Board

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."