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格然·玛比 (Göran Marby)

Photo of Göran Marby

格然·玛比 (Göran Marby) 曾在互联网和技术领域担任高级职员,拥有 20 多年的丰富经验;现任独立监管机构瑞典邮政电信总局 (PTS) 局长,与国际机构和标准制定机构有着紧密合作。

此前,他担任瑞典安全软件公司 Appgate(现为美国 Cryptzone 公司)的首席执行官和创立人。任职期间,他将该公司发展成为一家在美国运营、客户遍及全球 35 个国家的全球性公司。

在 Appgate 公司任职之前,他曾担任高级网络公司 Cygate 集团(现为 TeliaSonera 公司的子公司)的首席执行官,并带领该公司将运营拓展至五大国家,利润高达 1.2 亿欧元。在担任思科瑞典公司全国经理时,玛比负责管理所有产品和服务的销售工作。

他目前还在以下多个董事会任职:瑞典宽带论坛、瑞典电子认证董事会和欧洲电子传播监管机构联合体 (BEREC)。

玛比现年 53 岁,持有哥德堡大学经济和法律学院金融理学学士学位,已婚并育有三个孩子。他能说流利的英语和瑞典语,现为瑞典公民。

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."