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  • 遵循ICANN的《章程》。特别地,参与人员必须在ICANN的使命范围内行事,并遵守《章程》中列示的价值观。
  • 遵守ICANN的"利益冲突"政策。
  • 公平对待ICANN社群中的全体成员,不考虑任何国籍、性别、种族或民族、宗教或信仰、是否残障、年龄和性取向等原因;ICANN的社群成员不论是在面对面交流还是在网上沟通时,均应使用文明礼貌的形式。
  • 采用合理、客观和明智的方式参与政策制定和决策流程。这包括:定期参加所有日程中的会议,并根据互联网用户的最佳整体利益和互联网唯一标识符系统的稳定性与安全性做出独立判断,不考虑任何个人利益或该个人所从属的实体的利益。
  • 在考虑政策问题时,听取所有利益相关方的看法。ICANN拥有独特的多利益相关方的环境。参与ICANN工作流程的人员必须了解所有利益相关方的重要性,并尝试理解他们的观点。
  • 致力于与其他利益相关方一起建立共识,从而为ICANN应当负责的问题找到解决方案。ICANN的模型是自下而上的、以共识性为基础的政策制定流程。参与ICANN工作流程的人员必须尝试与其他参与人员达成共识,从而负责确保该模型的成功运营。
  • 促进人们参与政策制定和决策流程过程中的透明度和开放度。
  • 支持维护强健的公共评议、问责制和透明度机制,从而确保政策制定和决策流程能够反映公众的利益,并对所有利益相关方负责。
  • 按照ICANN的政策规范自身的行为。
  • 保护组织的资产,确保他们的效益和有效利用。
  • 公平而真诚地对待ICANN流程中的其他参与方。
  • 提高道德水平,改善负责任的行为。道德与诚实是至关重要的,ICANN希望所有的利益相关方均能在各项行为中负起责任、遵守原则。
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."