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过期域名删除政策

注:所有语种版本中,英文版为官方版本,其他语种版本仅供参考.

《过期域名删除政策》是一项适用于所有 ‭ICANN‬ 认证注册服务机构的 ‭ICANN‬ ‭共识性‬政策。本政策已纳入最新(2009 年 5 月 21 日)注册服务机构认证协议,具体内容如下:‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

3.7.5 注册期结束时,如果注册域名持有者(或其代表)没有在第二次通知或提醒规定的期限内表示同意续延注册,该注册会在自动续延宽限期结束时被删除(虽然“注册服务机构”可能已在较早前选择删除),除非有特殊情况。

3.7.5.1 特殊情况界定为:‭UDRP‬(统一域名争议解决政策)诉讼、有效的法庭指令、“注册服务机构”的续延程序出错(不包括注册人未回应)、域名被向第三方提供 ‭DNS‬ 服务的域名服务器使用(可能需要更多时间以迁移域名服务器管理的记录)、注册人已进入破产程序、付款争议(注册人称已支付续用费或对付款总额有分歧)、帐单争议(注册人对帐单总额有争议)、域名被管辖法院诉讼或 ‭ICANN‬ 特批的其他情况。‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

3.7.5.2 发生特殊情况时,如果“注册服务机构”决定在未得到注册人明确同意的情况下续延域名,则必须就续延该域名保留一份特殊情况记录,以便 ‭ICANN‬ 根据本注册服务机构认证协议的第 3.4.2 和 3.4.3 款进行检查。‬‬‬‬

3.7.5.3 如果没有特殊情况(如以上第 3.7.5.1 小节所述),则必须在注册服务机构或注册人终止注册协议起 45 天内删除该域名。

3.7.5.4 注册服务机构应向每个新注册人发出通知,详细说明其删除或自动续延政策,包括未续延域名的预计删除时间,该时间以域名失效日期或不超过十 (10) 天的日期范围为基准。如果注册服务机构在注册协议期间对其删除政策进行了重大更改,则必须至少像通知注册人对注册协议所做其他重大更改那样,就此更改通知注册人(如注册服务机构认证协议的第 3.7.7 条所述)。

3.7.5.5 如果“注册服务机构”经营网站以进行域名注册或续延,则必须在该网站上清楚地公布其删除和自动续延政策的详细信息。

3.7.5.6 如果“注册服务机构”经营网站以进行域名注册或续延,则应在注册时以及网站的显著位置说明在恢复宽限期内恢复域名所收的费用。

3.7.5.7 如果某个有 ‭UDRP‬ 争议的域名在争议期间失效或被删除,则 ‭UDRP‬ 争议的投诉人有权选择根据注册人所用的商业条款续延或恢复域名。如果投诉人续延或恢复域名,则该域名将处于注册服务机构“保持”和“锁定”状态,注册人的 ‭WHOIS‬ 联系人信息将被删除,且 ‭WHOIS‬ 条目将显示该域名处于争议状态。如果投诉人终止投诉,或 ‭UDRP‬ 争议结果为投诉人失败,则该域名将于 45 天内被删除。注册人享有根据现行恢复宽限期的规定在宽限期内任何时间恢复域名的权利,并享有在域名被删除前续延该域名的权利。

有关本政策对 2001 版 ‭RAA‬ 的影响,请参阅 http://www.icann.org/en/registrars/eddp-21sep04-enp.htm

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."