Skip to main content



开放 : 2009 年 9 月 8 日
关闭 : 2009 年 10 月 8

说明: [PDF, 218K]

为了更好地利用现有的最佳实践 , 并鼓励及早分享主要用于公共审阅及讨论的文档 , 我们制定了一个在整个 ICANN 机构实施的文档发布运作政策 , 适用于本机构召开的国际公开会议。

 此运作政策旨在提供一个清晰的框架和指导方针 , 以便在整个机构实行一致的文档发布方式 ,促进 整个机构群体内的广泛讨论。该政策将根据每次会议进行审查 , 以便持续地改善 ICANN 的运作。

此运作政策包括 : 对 文档 ( 包括 会议日程 ) 设定单阶段 15 个工作日限期 ; 对会议日程、封面页和执行摘要的制定提供最佳实践指南 ; 强调使用平白语言和尽量减少使用行话 ; 有关翻译问题、提早提供演示文档以及汇报运作政策效力的条款。

我们邀请您参加在线讨论 , 对该政策的任何部分发表您的意见或提供一些修改建议。如要在线发表意见,您需要注册。讨论的结果将用于修订该政策。该政策在修订后将提交至理事会进行审核和批准。

  • 该政策清晰地划分成几个部分 , 供大家集中反馈。同时还列出几个更广泛的问题供大家讨论: 机构组织 ( 和工作人员 ) 是否准备好提前提供文档 ?
  • 您是否坚决认为有必要设置文档限期 , 以改变现有的方式和文化 ?
  • 们如何才能有效地处理语言 / 行话问题 ?
负责人 : Kieren McCarthy

公告 | 讨论空间 | 对意见的总结/分析

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."