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Organizational Effectiveness Committee Charter | As approved by the ICANN Board of Directors 16 March 2017

  1. Purpose

    The Organizational Effectiveness Committee (OEC) of the ICANN Board is responsible for the following:

    1. The review and oversight of all organizational reviews mandated by Article 4, Section 4.4 of ICANN's Bylaws or any replacement or revisions to that Section of the Bylaws (Organizational Reviews), which are aimed at enhancing ICANN's overall effectiveness, and achieving specific organizational objectives, structural relevance and effectiveness.
    2. The review and oversight of all Specific Reviews mandated by Section 4.6 of ICANN Bylaws or any replacement or revisions to that section of the Bylaws, which are aimed at reviewing ICANN’s execution of commitments relating to: Accountability and Transparency; Security, Stability and Resiliency; Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice; and Registration Directory Service.
    3. The review and oversight of policies, processes, and procedures relating to the Organizational and Specific Reviews (collectively "Reviews").
    4. The development and maintenance of a Review Framework, which is subject to Board approval that encapsulates the policies, processed and procedures applicable to the conduct of the Reviews.

    The Committee shall use the Reviews to help assess whether ICANN has made progress in achieving key organizational objectives and commitments and whether its organizational structure is effective and relevant to its mission. The Committee shall issue recommendations towards enhancing ICANN's overall organizational effectiveness.

  2. Scope of Responsibilities

    The following activities are set forth as a guide for fulfilling the Committee's responsibilities. The Committee is authorized to carry out these activities and other actions reasonably related to the Committee's purposes or as assigned by the Board from time to time:

    1. Review, and recommend changes as warranted to streamline and standardize, where possible, ICANN's policies, processes and procedures governing the Reviews;
    2. Oversee the conduct of the Reviews as described in the Review Framework;
    3. Oversee work of the independent consulting firm/s engaged, including the quality and content of the independent consulting firm's work product and all necessary follow-up;
    4. Create and populate Working Groups for ICANN Board directed Ad Hoc Reviews, if and when deemed necessary. The members of the Working Groups are chosen among present and past Board Directors and Liaisons;
    5. Coordinate the work of the Working Groups for ICANN Board-directed Ad Hoc Reviews, and evaluate the recommendations coming from the review process;
    6. Regularly report to the full Board with respect to the Committee's activities; and,
    7. Oversee the implementation of review recommendations resulting from the Reviews and regularly report to the full Board on the implementation status.
  3. Relationships with Other ICANN Structures

    There shall be a designated ICANN staff member responsible for support of the Reviews processes and the functions of the Committee. In carrying out its responsibilities, the Committee shall consult with all relevant and affected parties regarding all pertinent aspects of the Reviews.

  4. Composition

    The Committee shall be comprised of at least three but not more than seven members. The majority of the Committee members shall be voting Board Directors and the minority shall be Liaisons, as determined and appointed annually by the Board. Each Committee member shall comply with the Conflicts of Interest Policy. The voting Directors shall be the voting members of the Committee. The members of the Committee shall serve at the discretion of the Board.

    Unless a Committee Chair is appointed by the full Board, the members of the Committee may designate its Chair from among the voting members of the Committee by majority vote of the full Committee membership.

    The Committee may choose to organize itself into subcommittees to facilitate the accomplishment of its work. The Committee may seek approval and budget from the Board for the appointment of consultants and advisers to assist in its work as deemed necessary, and such appointees may attend the relevant parts of the Committee meetings.

  5. Meetings

    1. Regularly Scheduled Meetings.

      The Committee shall meet at least three times per year, or more frequently as it deems necessary to carry out its responsibilities. The schedule of these meetings will be established at the beginning of the calendar year. The Committee's meetings may be held by telephone and/or other remote meeting technologies. Regularly scheduled meetings shall be noticed at least one week in advance, unless impracticable, in which case the notice shall be as soon as practicable.

    2. Special/Extraordinary Meetings.

      Special/Extraordinary meetings may be called upon no less than forty-eight (48) hours notice by either (i) the Chair of the Committee or (ii) any two members of the Committee acting together. The purpose of the meeting must be included with the call for the meeting.

    3. Action Without a Meeting
      1. Making a Motion:

        The Committee may take an action without a meeting for an individual item by using electronic means such as email. An action without a meeting shall only be taken if a motion is proposed by a member of the Committee, and seconded by another voting member of the Committee. All voting members of the Committee must vote electronically and in favor of the motion for it to be considered approved. The members proposing and seconding the motion will be assumed to have voted in the affirmative. The action without a meeting and its results will be noted in the next regularly scheduled Committee meeting and will be included in the minutes of that meeting.

      2. Timing:
        1. Any motion for an action without a meeting must be seconded by another Committee member within 48 hours of its proposal.
        2. The period of voting on any motion for an action without a meeting will be seven days unless the Chair changes that time period. However, the period must be a minimum of two days and a maximum of seven days.
  6. Voting and Quorum

    A majority of the voting members of the Committee shall constitute a quorum. Voting on Committee matters shall be on a one vote per voting member basis. When a quorum is present, the vote of a majority of the voting Committee members present shall constitute the action or decision of the Committee.

  7. Records of Proceedings

    A preliminary report with respect to actions taken at each meeting (telephonic or in-person) of the Committee shall be recorded and distributed to committee members within two working days, and meeting minutes shall be posted promptly following approval by the Committee.

  8. Review

    The performance of the Committee shall be reviewed annually and informally by the Board Governance Committee. The Board Governance Committee shall recommend to the full Board changes in membership, procedures, or responsibilities and authorities of the Committee if and when deemed appropriate. Performance of the Committee shall also be formally reviewed as part of the periodic independent review of the Board and its Committees.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."