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理事会审查 - 工作组最终报告草案

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开放 : 2009 年 10 月 5 日
关闭 : 2009 年 11 月 22 日

说明 / 背景 : ICANN 指定了 Boston Consulting Group/Colin Carter & Associates 对 ICANN 理事会执行外部审查工作 , 审查报告 已在 ICANN 开罗会议的公共研讨会上公布 , 并在随后安排了公众意见征询期。

理事会审查工作组在综合考虑了独立审查人的最终报告、理事会意见以及来自利益主体和公众的意见后 , 发出了 机构群体咨询中期报告 [PDF, 380 KB] , 已在 ICANN 墨西哥城会议上提交。在随后的公众意见征询期,陆续从各利益相关方收集了更多意见。

因此发出了 第二份中期报告 [PDF, 330 KB] 并在 ICANN 悉尼会议上提交。在报告提交期间以及随后的公众意见征询阶段收集的意见有助于理事会审查工作组对数项仍未解决的问题进行分析总结 , 工作组现已发布了 最终报告草案 [PDF, 392 KB] , 将在首尔会议上提交。在确定最终报告的内容供理事会付诸行动之前,机构群体获邀参与最后一轮的意见咨询。
负责人 : Marco Lorenzoni

公告 | 讨论空间 | 对意见的总结/分析

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."