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Accountability Mechanisms Committee of the Board

  • Photo of León Sánchez
    León Sánchez
  • Photo of Alan Barrett
    Alan Barrett
  • Photo of Becky Burr
    Becky Burr
  • Photo of Edmon Chung
    Edmon Chung
  • Photo of Sarah Deutsch
    Sarah Deutsch
  • Photo of Patricio Poblete
    Patricio Poblete
  • Photo of Katrina Sataki
    Katrina Sataki


The Accountability Mechanisms Committee was established by the Executive Committee of the ICANN Board at its 17 August 2017 meeting.


The Committee Charter was adopted and approved by the Board on 23 September 2017.


Relevant Links

Reconsideration Requests

Independent Review Process

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."