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Secretary's Notice | Resignation of Olga Madruga-Forti

15 Oct 2014 – Los Angeles

Resignation of Olga Madruga-Forti

Olga Madruga-Forti has formally notified the ICANN Board of Directors, that she has resigned from the ICANN Board. Her resignation is effective immediately. Madruga-Forti's term as an ICANN Director began in October 2012 after she was selected by the Nominating Committee to serve a term that would run through the Annual General Meeting in 2015.

As Ms. Madruga-Forti was an ICANN Nominating Committee appointee to the ICANN Board, that committee will select her replacement for the remainder of the term. Accordingly, pursuant to the ICANN Bylaws, Article VI, Section 12, the vacancy shall be filled by the Nominating Committee. The information in the Secretary's Notice has been provided to the current ICANN Nominating Committee Chair.

John Jeffrey
General Counsel and Secretary, ICANN

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."