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Minutes | Board Accountability Mechanisms Committee (BAMC) Meeting

BAMC Attendees: Becky Burr, Avri Doria, Patricio Poblete, Kaveh Ranjbar, Nigel Roberts (Chair), and León Sánchez

BAMC Member Apologies: Sarah Deutsch

Other Board Member Attendees: Manal Ismail

ICANN organization Attendees: Franco Carrasco (Board Operations Specialist), Samantha Eisner (Deputy General Counsel), Casandra Furey (Associate General Counsel), John Jeffrey (General Counsel & Secretary), Elizabeth Le (Associate General Counsel), and Amy Stathos (Deputy General Counsel)


The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken, and actions identified:

  1. Update on .GCC Independent Review Process (IRP): The BAMC received an update on the status of .GCC IRP. The BAMC agreed to brief the full Board on the matter.

    • Action(s): ICANN org prepare for full Board briefing.
  2. Update on IRP Implementation Oversight Team (IOT) and IRP Standing Panel Progress The BAMC received a briefing on the progress on the work underway in the IRP-IOT and on the establishment of the IRP omnibus Standing Panel.
  3. Litigation Update The BAMC received a litigation update.

Published on 27 September 2021

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."