Skip to main content
Resources

Agenda | Regular Meeting of the ICANN Board

Consent Agenda

  • Approval of Board Meeting Minutes
  • Board Committee Membership and Leadership Changes
  • Acceptance of GNSO2 Review Working Group's Implementation Final Report
  • Independent Review of the At-Large Advisory Committee Detailed Implementation Plan
  • FY20 IANA Operating Plan and Budget
  • October 2021 ICANN Meeting Venue Contracting
  • Contract Renewal and Disbursement for ERP Initiative (Oracle Cloud)
  • Reaffirming the Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data
  • Consideration of Reconsideration Request 16-11: Travel Reservations SRL, Famous Four Media Limited (and its subsidiary applicant dot Hotel Limited), Fegistry LLC, Minds + Machines Group Limited, Spring McCook, LLC, and Radix FZC (and its subsidiary applicant dot Hotel Inc.) (.HOTEL)
  • Consideration of Reconsideration Request 16-12: Merck KGaA (.MERCK)
  • Consideration of Reconsideration Request 18-9: DotKids Foundation (.KIDS)

Main Agenda

  • Delegation of the موريتانيا. country-code top-level domain representing Mauritania in Arabic Script
  • Delegation of the .SS (South Sudan) country-code top-level domain
  • GAC Advice: Barcelona Communiqué (October 2018)
  • Adoption of GNSO Consensus Policy relating to Certain Red Cross & Red Crescent Names at the Second Level of the Domain Name System
  • AOB

Published on 18 January 2019

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."