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.com Registry Agreement

On 01 December 2012, ICANN and VeriSign, Inc., entered into a renewal Registry Agreement under which VeriSign, Inc. operates the .com top-level domain. On 27 March 2020, ICANN and VeriSign, Inc. agreed to amend the .com Registry Agreement to include (i) updates to seven of the original appendices, and (ii) the addition of Appendix 11. The Registry Agreement, Amendment No. 3, the existing appendices, the updated appendices, and the new appendix may be viewed by following the links below.

Previous agreement(s) may be viewed on the Registry Agreement Archive page.

Registry Agreement

  • HTML (01 December 2012)


Fee Notifications

  • .COM Fees – Effective 1 September 2021 (Published 18 February 2021)

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."