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提高人们对注册人所面临的问题和挑战的意识

今天,ICANN 组织的注册人项目现发布了第二版《影响域名注册人的问题和挑战》报告 [PDF, 263 Kb],其中囊括了 ICANN 全球支持中心 (Global Support Center, GSC)、合同合规部 (Contractual Compliance) 和监察官办公室 (Office of the Ombudsperson) 搜集的最新数据。在我们对这些数据集的审核基础上,本报告还提供了我们对影响注册人的问题和挑战的观察和思考。我们鼓励大家阅读这份报告,并针对影响注册人的问题分享您拥有的任何数据,以推动我们的持续讨论和工作。

注册人项目还涉及哪些内容?

在 ICANN64 届神户会议上,我们召开了一场别开生面的公开会,使得社群能够识别注册人所面临的问题和挑战,并提高大家对这一方面的意识。请点击此处,查看这场会议的演讲和录音。我们还与一般会员咨询委员会 (At-Large Advisory Committee, ALAC) 的成员一起召开了一场成果颇丰的问答会

与此同时,我们正在与非商业利益相关方团体 (Non-Commercial Stakeholder Group, NCSG) 的成员展开讨论。该团体对注册人所面临的问题十分熟悉,且持有坚定的立场。这场讨论会旨针对注册人所面临的问题加强双方合作,与社群共享信息。当然,我们还致力于与 ICANN 注册服务机构利益相关方团体 (Registrar Stakeholder Group) 开展紧密合作,获取反馈意见。该团体负责与注册人(即该团体的客户!)在日常工作中打交道。

有关注册人项目的相关信息、注册人所面临的共同问题和挑战等事务均已在近期会议中得到介绍和讨论,并将在未来的会议中得到继续探讨。这些会议包括:北欧域名日 (Nordic Domain Days)、中东域名系统论坛 (Middle East DNS Forum) 和信息社会世界峰会 (World Summit on the Information Society, WSIS)。

我们近期还发布并传播了一些注册人的教学培训资料,包括:域名续订和到期,介绍了在到期前及早续订域名的重要性。此外,我们在更宽泛的 DNS 生态系统中对 ICANN 的职责进行了重新修订,为注册人部分增添了新的内容,并澄清了 ICANN 的职权范围。

我们还在持续编写新的教学培训内容,例如:常见问题与解答 (FAQ)、信息图表和其他有益信息。这类资料的信息源于 ICANN 组织中与注册人打交道的各个部门,以及来自社群的反馈意见。

后续工作有哪些?合作邀请

我们诚邀所有社群成员和 ICANN 的新成员都能积极加入我们,参与持续进行的、有关注册人所面临的问题和挑战一题的跨社群对话。这份邀请对于那些愿意积极帮助注册人的人员十分重要。我们将不断致力于为注册人提供教学培训,提高大家对减少注册人在管理域名时所面临的各类问题和挑战的意识。

Comments

    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."