The Internet Governance Forum-USA Needs Your Help!
The power of the multistakeholder model lies in the ideas that come from its participants. Now, stakeholders in the U.S. have the chance to have their voices and ideas heard as they shape the programming of the 2016 Internet Governance Forum-USA (IGF-USA).
The 2016 IGF-USA will take place on 14 July in Washington, D.C., at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. In order to have an IGF-USA that best represents the interests of the community, the IGF-USA planning committee is asking U.S.-based stakeholders to take a brief survey about the subjects they would like to see covered this year. Completing this survey helps ensure that the issues you care about are covered in the program.
The survey can be taken at: https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/MGMBBT2. It will remain open until 18 April.
The IGF-USA is a multistakeholder effort to illuminate issues and cultivate constructive discussions about the future of the Internet. It provides a forum for U.S. stakeholders to engage civil society, government, technologists, research scientists, industry and academia. It helps to create partnerships, coalitions and dialogues that demonstrate best practices and help move policy forward.
Regional and national IGF meetings are taking place all around the world. While these events are organized on a local level and have no formal ties to the global IGF, the United Nations' IGF Secretariat recognizes the importance of these regional and national events, and reports from these meetings are shared at the international gatherings.
For more information about the IGF-USA, please visit www.igf-usa.org/.
David Vyorst is Co-Chair, IGF-USA and Executive Director, Greater Washington DC Chapter of the Internet Society
Joe Catapano is Program Manager, ICANN Global Stakeholder Engagement, North America
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."