Returning to Marrakech: Looking Ahead to ICANN65
We kicked off 2019 ICANN Public Meetings with a successful ICANN64 in Kobe, Japan. Now I welcome the community back to Africa for ICANN65 in Marrakech, Morocco from 24-27 June.
ICANN65 is a four-day Policy Forum, which gives the global Internet community a chance to focus on policy development. I hope the meeting will be a platform for fruitful discussions among our global stakeholders and community members. A few important policy topics to be discussed include: the next round of new generic top-level domains (gTLDs), the Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data, and ICANN’s Strategic Plan and Budget.
The June Policy Forum will be the twelfth ICANN Public Meeting held in Africa, and the third one in Marrakech, Morocco. Our first meeting in Marrakech was ICANN26 in 2006 and the second was ICANN55 in 2016. We are happy to return to this vibrant city in North Africa. ICANN65 will be hosted by the National Telecommunications Regulatory Agency and we look forward to working with them again.
Africa is a continent of great digital potential. I believe that hosting ICANN Public Meetings here helps encourage Africans to participate in the ICANN community. We want to build capacity in Africa to enable the people to fully embrace the digital economy.
I look forward to seeing you all in Marrakech. Marhaba!
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."