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New gTLD Program Reviews: Data Collection and Analysis

New gtld program reviews 750x425 08jun15 en

When will ICANN open another application round for new gTLDs? The next round is on the horizon, but ICANN must first focus on executing a comprehensive, multidimensional examination of how well the New gTLD Program met its original goals, a topic I first wrote about in January 2015.

The New gTLD Program Reviews are well underway. We are collecting and analyzing data for multiple review areas, including Program Implementation; Rights Protection Mechanisms; and Competition, Consumer Choice and Consumer Trust.

Notable milestones to date are the publication of a draft of the Rights Protection Mechanisms (RPM) review and ICANN's first Global Consumer Research Study on the Domain Name System.

We recently published a summary of the public comments [PDF, 1 MB] received on the draft RPM report [PDF, 1.3 MB]. The public comments will be used to update the draft report to will be published after ICANN 53. It will inform possible policy discussions in the GNSO, reviews of the Program's impact on competition, consumer trust, and consumer choice, as well as the GAC-recommended review of the Trademark Clearinghouse.

The consumer survey, conducted by Nielsen, measures consumer awareness, perceived consumer choice, experience and trust related to existing top-level domains, including new gTLDs. It provides a baseline of data on consumer attitudes that will allow ICANN to make comparison assessments in a second survey to be conducted in one year. You can read more about the Global Consumer Research Study and supporting materials on our website.

As we prepare for ICANN 53, we'll discuss all of these reviews, as well as updates from community groups on their work relating to future rounds in one session. Please join us:

ICANN 53 Buenos Aires
Session: New gTLD Program Reviews
22 June 2015
15:45 ART

Examining the New gTLD Program is vital to opening the Internet to future rounds of new gTLDs. ICANN's number one priority is ensuring the security, stability and resiliency of the Internet and we've committed to investigate how new gTLDs affect the Domain Name System. We're also looking at how these new domains affect the domain name ecosystem  and Internet users in general. The community's participation in these reviews is critical to their success. We encourage you to get involved!

Track review progress and find opportunities for volunteering and public comment on the New gTLD Program Reviews webpage.

Comments

    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."