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ICANN Security Team Members Appointed to Lead Roles in Global Community Initiatives

Two senior members of ICANN’s Security Team have been appointed to lead roles on global cybersecurity and DNS security initiatives. John Crain has been appointed by the root server operators to a seat on Board of Directors for the Domain Name System Operations Analysis and Research Center (DNS-OARC), and Dave Piscitello has been nominated by the Commonwealth Cybercrime Initiative (CCI) Steering Group to serve on the Initiative’s Executive Management Group.

DNS-OARC is a forum where DNS operators, implementors, and researchers collaborate in a trusted environment to share information, experiences and expertise, coordinate responses to attacks and other concerns, and improve DNS operations worldwide. Read more about DNS-OARC at ICANN has hosted DNS-OARC at previous meetings, such as in San Francisco and Toronto, and has been a long supporter of DNS-OARC’s mission as a non-profit, membership-driven organization promoting research and information sharing on the Domain Name System.

The Commonwealth Cybercrime Initiative (CCI) seeks to provide coherent, comprehensive and sustainable assistance to member states so that states are better able to combat cybercrime. As a member of the EMG, Dave will provide advice on the overall operations of the CCI. (Read more about the CCI at ICANN has hosted the CCI at recent meetings such as in Prague and Costa Rica, and is working with the CCI on DNS training and capability building initiatives.


    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."