Announcing My New Deputies
I am pleased to announce that I have appointed John Jeffrey, General Counsel and Secretary, and Theresa Swinehart, Senior Vice President, Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives, to serve as my deputies.
Each member of the ICANN org Executive Team has a deputy who stands in when needed. In our global environment, being able to delegate and empower alleviates pressure on any one person and helps ensure continuity of service. This ultimately means better support for the community.
John has more than 30 years of business, legal, strategic, and general management experience, having served in increasing levels of responsibility at Live365, Discovery Communications, TCI, and Fox Television, as well as private litigation practice. He has been ICANN’s General Counsel and Secretary since 2003. In his role, John is responsible for the ICANN org legal department, with oversight of contractual services, intellectual property management, litigation, reconsideration requests, organizational compliance support and the Complaints Office, among other areas.
Theresa has been involved in Internet policy issues for more than 20 years, and with ICANN since its inception. She has held various leadership roles in the org on topics such as: global and strategic partnerships, ICANN’s reform process, establishing ICANN’s international team, and the IANA Stewardship Transition, among others. Currently, Theresa oversees a team responsible for ICANN’s reviews and strategic planning, and other initiatives. Theresa also worked at MCI and Verizon Communications on Internet policy issues. She began her career in the international human rights field.
Join me in congratulating them.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."