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Announcements

ICANN Receives Data Protection/Privacy Guidance from Article 29 Working Party

LOS ANGELES – 12 April 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN")...

Initial Report on Review of the Customer Standing Committee (CSC) Charter

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Open Date: 11 April 2018 Close Date: 1 June 2018
Originating Organization: ccNSO & RySG

ICANN Organization’s Report on the Draft FY19 Budget Operating Plan Now Due 24 April

LOS ANGELES – 11 April 2018 - Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Announces Calls-to-Action for Community Participation in ICANN Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 10 April 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Publishes ICANN61 By the Numbers Report

LOS ANGELES – 9 April 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

The Middle East Domain Name System (DNS) Forum is Turning Five Years Old in Ankara

ISTANBUL – 9 April 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

ICANN Announces Participants NextGen@ICANN62

LOS ANGELES – 6 April 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has...

Join the Webinar on the Draft Final Report of the NomCom2 Review

LOS ANGELES - 3 April 2018 - Join a webinar about the Draft Final Report [PDF, 496 KB] of the...

CCWG-Accountability WS2 Final Report

Open Date: 30 March 2018 Close Date: 11 May 2018
Originating Organization: Cross Community...

Maximal Starting Repertoire Version 3 (MSR-3) for the Development of Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone

LOS ANGELES – 29 March 2018 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (lCANN)...

Annual IANA Functions Audits Validate ICANN Systems Controls

LOS ANGELES – 29 March 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Requests DPA Guidance on Proposed Interim Model for GDPR Compliance

LOS ANGELES – 28 March 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN")...

Draft Final Report of the NomCom2 Review

Open Date: 27 March 2018 Close Date: 7 May 2018
Originating Organization: Multistakeholder...

Proposed Revisions to Bylaws Section 11 – Additional Voting Thresholds

Open Date: 26 March 2018 Close Date: 5 May 2018
Originating Organization: ICANN Board of...

ICANN63 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 20 March 2018 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (lCANN) is...

Nomination Period for ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award Extended

Nominations Close 28 March 2018

Submit Nominations Via the Ethos Award Nomination Form

ICANN is...

ICANN Community Onboarding Pilot Program Call for Nominations by SOs/ACs

LOS ANGELES – 19 March 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Request for Proposal: ICANN's Open Data Platform

LOS ANGELES – 12 March 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN62 Fellowship

LOS ANGELES – 9 March 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Publishes First Complaints Office Semi-Annual Report

LOS ANGELES – 7 March 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Reserve Fund: Proposed Replenishment Strategy

Open Date: 6 March 2018 Close Date: 25 April 2018
Originating Organization: ICANN...

Draft Project Plan for the Proposed Name Collision Analysis Project (NCAP)

Open Date: 2 March 2018 Close Date: 18 April 2018
Originating Organization: Security and...

Uniform Board Member Integrity Screening Process

Open Date: 2 March 2018 Close Date: 17 April 2018
Originating Organization: ICANN Board of...

Calls-to-Action for ICANN Reviews

Calls-to-Action for ICANN Reviews

ICANN Reviews are important accountability mechanisms that need your input to help ICANN...

Reminder: Nomination Period for ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award Open

Nominations Close 19 March 2018

Submit Nominations Via the Ethos Award Nomination Form

ICANN is...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."