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Announcements

Participate Now in the Sunrise and Trademark Claims Survey

GNSO RPM PDP Working Group | Help Us Review Sunrise & Trademark Claims: Make Your Voice Heard

LOS ANGELES - 06 September 2018 - The Sunrise and Trademark Claims survey is now available...

ICANN Board to Hold Public Board Meeting During Genval Workshop

LOS ANGELES – 6 September 2018 – The ICANN Board will be holding a public Board meeting during...

Next Steps On Reviews

Open Date: 05 September 2018 Close Date: 05 October 2018
Originating Organization: ...

Registration Directory Service (RDS-WHOIS2) Review Team Draft Report & Recommendations

Open Date: 4 September 2018 Close Date: 4 November 2018
Originating Organization: ICANN...

Proposed gTLD-Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Profile

Open Date: 31 August 2018 Close Date: 13 October 2018
Originating Organization:

Global...

Meridian Institute to Conduct Independent Review of the Country Code Names Supporting Organization

LOS ANGELES - 31 August 2018 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Request for Information: ICANN Meetings Shipping and Logistics

LOS ANGELES – 31 August 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Releases its Second Report on Global Legislative and Regulatory Developments

ISTANBUL - 30 August 2018 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

NextGen@ICANN Application Round for ICANN64 Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 27 August 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Board Reaffirms Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

LOS ANGELES – 23 August 2018 – The Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

ICANN Publishes Comprehensive Guide on What to Expect During the Root KSK Rollover

LOS ANGELES – 22 August 2018 – As the ICANN Organization prepares, for the first time ever, to...

Modification of Domains Protected Marks List Service

Open Date: 15 August 2018 Close Date: 24 September 2018
Originating Organization: Global...

Call for SO/AC Nominations to the New ICANN Fellowship Selection Committee and Guidance on Outreach Goals

LOS ANGELES – 13 August 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Proposals for Kannada, Oriya and Telugu Scripts' Root Zone Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 8 August 2018 Close Date: 20 September 2018
Originating Organization:

Global...

German Appellate Court Rules on ICANN Request to Preserve WHOIS Data

LOS ANGELES – 3 August 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (“ICANN”)...

ICANN64 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 03 August 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN 2018 Nominating Committee Announces Selections

LOS ANGELES – 2 August 2018

The ICANN 2018 Nominating Committee is pleased to announce its...

Study on Technical Use of Root Zone Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 2 August 2018 Close Date: 11 September 2018
Originating Organization:

Global...

Registry System Testing (RST) Documentation Update

LOS ANGELES – 1 August 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Publishes ICANN62 By the Numbers Report

LOS ANGELES – 31 July 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Announces Participants NextGen@ICANN63

LOS ANGELES – 30 July 2018 – Today, The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Draft ICANN Africa Strategic Plan 2016-2020 Version 3.0

Open Date: 30 July 2018 Close Date: 10 September 2018
Originating Organization:

Global...

Proposals for Devanagari, Gurmukhi, and Gujarati Scripts' Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 27 July 2018 Close Date: 10 September 2018
Originating Organization: Global...

Recommendations for Managing IDN Variant Top-Level Domains

Open Date: 25 July 2018 Close Date: 3 September 2018
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

ICANN Announces Calls-to-Action for Community Participation in ICANN Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 23 July 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."