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Announcements

Initial Report on the Third ccNSO Policy Development Process (ccPDP3): Retirement of ccTLDs

Open Date: 3 March 2021 Close Date: 14 April 2021
Originating Organization: ccNSO
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Proposal for Korean Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules - Second Public Comment

Open Date: 2 March 2021 Close Date: 15 April 2021
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

ICANN72 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 1 March 2021 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Schedule for ICANN70 Virtual Community Forum Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 1 March 2021 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has...

ICANN Terminates Registrar Accreditation Agreement (RAA) with Net 4 India Limited

LOS ANGELES – 26 February 2021 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

2021 Nominating Committee (NomCom) Extends Deadline to 29 March

LOS ANGELES – 23 February 2021 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN70 Prep Week Schedule Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 22 February 2021 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Publishes FY21 Q2 Unaudited Financial Results

LOS ANGELES – 15 February 2021 – On 10 February 2021, the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

IANA Naming Function Review: Recommendation for an IANA Naming Function Contract Amendment

Open Date: 10 February 2021 Close Date: 22 March 2021
Originating Organization: ICANN...

EPDP Phase 2 Policy Recommendations for Board Consideration

Open Date: 8 February 2021 Close Date: 30 March 2021
Originating Organization: ICANN org
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Extension: NextGen@ICANN Application Round for ICANN71

LOS ANGELES – 3 February 2021 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Issues Third Breach Notice to Net 4 India Limited; Continues to Take Steps to Protect Registrants

LOS ANGELES – 29 January 2021 – To protect the rights and interests of domain name registrants,...

Additional Reference Label Generation Rulesets (LGRs) for the Second Level

Open Date: 28 January 2021 Close Date: 11 March 2021
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Second Security, Stability, and Resiliency (SSR2) Review Team Final Report

Open Date: 28 January 2021 Close Date: 9 March 2021
Originating Organization: ICANN...

2020 IANA Functions Customer Engagement Survey Shows Increased Satisfaction in Performance

LOS ANGELES – 27 January 2021 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Apply Now for ICANN Leadership Positions

LOS ANGELES – 25 January 2021 – Today, the Nominating Committee (NomCom) of the Internet...

ICANN Org Launches Audit of Registrar Compliance with DNS Security Threat Obligations

LOS ANGELES – 15 January 2021 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN70 Will Be Held as Virtual Community Forum

LOS ANGELES – 14 January 2021 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Continues the Pandemic Internet Access Reimbursement Program

LOS ANGELES – 13 January 2021 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Additional Second-Level Reference Label Generation Rules (LGRs) Published

LOS ANGELES – 13 January 2021 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Announcement Reminder for Planning Webinars

LOS ANGELES – 11 January 2021 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Changes Coming to Registry Reports on the ICANN Open Data Platform

LOS ANGELES – 7 January 2021 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN and APTLD Join Efforts to Promote Universal Acceptance in the APAC Region

LOS ANGELES – 6 January 2021 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN),...

Webinar Operational Design Phase Concept Paper: Update and Community Discussion

LOS ANGELES – 4 January 2021 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Domain Name System Security Extensions Now Deployed in all Generic Top-Level Domains

LOS ANGELES – 23 December 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."