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Announcements

Mandy (Kathryn A.) Carver Appointed Senior Vice President of ICANN's Government & IGO Engagement Team

LOS ANGELES – 6 December 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Announces NextGen@ICANN67 Participants

LOS ANGELES – 06 December 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Country Code Top-Level Domains Can Now Participate in ICANN’s Domain Abuse Activity Reporting (DAAR) System

LOS ANGELES – 19 November 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Call for SOs/ACs to Nominate Fellowship Program Mentors

LOS ANGELES – 13 November 2019 – ICANN's Supporting Organizations (SOs) and Advisory Committees...

Implementation Plan for the GNSO Consensus Policy Relating to the Protection of Certain Red Cross Names

Open Date: 23 October 2019 Close Date: 12 December 2019
Originating Organization: GDD
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DRAFT PTI and IANA FY21 Operating Plan and Budgets

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Open Date: 14 October 2019 Close Date: 27 November 2019
Originating Organization:

Finance

Registration Directory Service (RDS-WHOIS2) Review Team Final Report

Open Date: 8 October 2019 Close Date: 25 November 2019
Originating Organization: ICANN...

Recommendations for the Technical Utilization of the Root Zone Label Generation Rules Published

LOS ANGELES – 7 October 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (lCANN)...

Register Now to Participate in the 4th Eastern European DNS Forum

BRUSSELS – 2 October 2019

Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Releases Community-Wide Survey Findings on Age Diversity and Participation

LOS ANGELES – 2 October 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Registration Open for ICANN Academy 2020 Leadership Program

LOS ANGELES – 2 October 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Request for Information: ICANN Contractual Compliance Registry and Registrar Audit Services

LOS ANGELES – 27 September 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Publishes Registry Operator Audit for Addressing DNS Security Threats

Los Angeles – 17 September 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Register for ICANN66 Prep Week Webinars

LOS ANGELES – 16 September 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

First ICANN Managed Root Server Instance Installed in Shanghai

SHANGHAI, China – 3 September 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Next Steps to Improve the Effectiveness of ICANN’s Multistakeholder Model

Open Date: 27 August 2019 Close Date: 14 October 2019
Originating Organization: ...

ICANN65 Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report and ICANN66 Statements of Interest Are Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 08 August 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Registration Now Open for 2019 LAC DNS Forum

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay – 31 July 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN67 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 18 July 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

GNSO Policy Development Process on IGO-INGO Access to Curative Rights Protection Mechanisms Policy Recommendations for ICANN Board Consideration

Open Date: 11 July 2019 Close Date: 20 August 2019
Originating Organization: Policy...

Third Version of Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone (RZ-LGR-3) Released

LOS ANGELES – 10 July 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Request for Proposal: Name Collision Analysis Project (NCAP) Study 1

LOS ANGELES – 9 July 2019 –The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

ICANN Extends Call for Expressions of Interest for 2020 Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect through 5 July 2019

Los Angeles – 14 June 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Draft Financial Assumptions & Projections and Operating Initiatives for the development of Fiscal Years 2021-2025 Operating & Financial Plan

Open Date: June 14, 2019 Close Date: August 5, 2019
Originating Organization: Office of the...

ICANN Publishes Results of Five-Year NextGen@ICANN Survey

LOS ANGELES – 13 June 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."