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Announcements

ICANN and FIRST Sign Memorandum of Understanding on DNS Threats Mitigation

LOS ANGELES – 22 May 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Save The Date for ICANN68 Prep Sessions

LOS ANGELES – 18 May 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN and PTI Publish U.S. Tax Returns for Fiscal Year Ending 30 June 2019

LOS ANGELES – 13 May 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN76 Community Forum Location Announced

LOS ANGELES – 12 May 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Name Collision Analysis Project (NCAP) Study 1: Proposed Final Report

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Open Date: 8 May 2020 Close Date: 17 June 2020
Originating Organization: Office of the CTO

ICANN Posts Adopted FY21-25 Operating and Financial Plan and FY21 Budget

LOS ANGELES – 08 May 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers...

Register to Join: Special Meeting of the ICANN Board and FY20 Board Operational Priorities Webinar

LOS ANGELES – 6 May 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

ccNSO PDP3: Initial Proposals for Process to Retire ccTLDs

Open Date: 5 May 2020 Close Date: 10 July 2020
Originating Organization: ccNSO
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Webinar Invitation: PTI FY21-FY24 Strategic Plan

LOS ANGELES – 30 April 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Request for Proposal for Root Zone Update Process Study

LOS ANGELES – 28 April 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

NextGen@ICANN Application Round for ICANN69 Is Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 27 April 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Draft PTI FY21-24 Strategic Plan

Open Date: 20 April 2020 Close Date: 1 June 2020
Originating Organization: IANA
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Public Interest Registry Change of Control Request Update

LOS ANGELES – 16 April 2020 – On 14 November 2019, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

ICANN68 to be Held as Remote Public Meeting

LOS ANGELES – 9 April 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Guidelines for Developing Reference Label Generation Rules (LGRs) for the Second Level Version 2

Open Date: 30 March 2020 Close Date: 12 May 2020
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

ICANN's GDD Industry Summit and DNS Symposium Cancelled

LOS ANGELES – 18 March 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Phase 1 Initial Report of the Review of All Rights Protection Mechanisms in All gTLDs Policy Development Process

Open Date: 18 March 2020 Close Date: 27 April 2020
Originating Organization: Generic Names...

ICANN67 GAC Communiqué Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 16 MARCH 2020 – Today, the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) of the Internet...

ICANN74 Policy Forum Location Announced

LOS ANGELES – 13 March 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN’s Open Data Platform Now Live

LOS ANGELES – 11 March 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Public Comment Period Extended: Second Security, Stability, and Resiliency (SSR2) Review Team Draft Report

Los Angeles – 3 March 2020 – The deadline to submit comments on the Second Security, Stability,...

Proposal for Bangla Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 2 March 2020 Close Date: 23 April 2020
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Meeting Schedule for ICANN67 Virtual Community Forum Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 28 February 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Implements New Travel Guidance

LOS ANGELES – 28 February 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Upcoming Middle East DNS Forum Postponed

ISTANBUL – 27 February 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."