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Announcements

The Fifth Eastern European DNS Forum Goes Virtual

Brussels – 27 October 2020 – The fifth Eastern European Domain Name System Forum (EEDNSF) will...

Call for Expressions of Interest: Chair of the Intergovernmental Organization (IGO) Work Track

LOS ANGELES – 26 October 2020 – The Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) is seeking...

ICANN69 Governmental Advisory Committee Communiqué Now Available

HAMBURG, Germany – 23 October 2020 – Today, the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) of the...

ICANN org Responds to the European Data Protection Board’s Public Consultation on the Board’s Guidelines on the Concepts of Controller and Processor

BRUSSELS – 19 October 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Preliminary Issue Report on a Policy Development Process to Review the Transfer Policy

Open Date: 12 October 2020 Close Date: 30 November 2020
Originating Organization: Generic...

IANA Naming Function Review (IFR) Initial Report

Open Date: 8 October 2020 Close Date: 2 December 2020
Originating Organization: Office of the...

ICANN Root Server Cluster in Singapore Now Live

SINGAPORE – 8 October 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Recommendations for Early Warning for Root Zone Scaling

Open Date: 05 October 2020 Close Date: 23 November 2020
Originating Organization: Office of...

IANA Naming Function Review Team Community Webinar

LOS ANGELES – 21 September 2020 – Today, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Naming...

Naela Sarras Appointed ICANN Vice President of Stakeholder Engagement in North America

Naela Sarras

LOS ANGELES – 17 September 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN69 Prep Week Schedule Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 15 September 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

GNSO New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Draft Final Report

Open Date: 20 August 2020 Close Date: 30 September 2020
Originating Organization: GNSO
...

PTI and IANA FY22 Budget Webinar

LOS ANGELES – 19 August 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

In joint effort, ICANN and Transtelco install Managed Root Server Instance in Mexico

MONTEVIDEO – 10 August 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN),...

ICANN Extends Call for Expressions of Interest: Standing Panel for ICANN's Independent Review Process

LOS ANGELES - 23 July 2020 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

The Eighth Africa Domain Name System (DNS) Forum 2020 Goes Virtual

ISTANBUL – 6 JULY 2020 – The eighth Africa Domain Name System (DNS) Forum, which was to be held...

Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone Version 4 (RZ-LGR-4)

Open Date: 29 June 2020 Close Date: 11 August 2020
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

ICANN Announces NextGen@ICANN69 Participants

LOS ANGELES – 26 June 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has...

Adopted FY21-25 Operating and Financial Plan and Adopted FY21 Budget Take Effect 1 July 2020

LOS ANGELES – 24 June 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Extends Call for Expressions of Interest for 2021 Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect through 7 July 2020

LOS ANGELES – 22 June 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Signs Memorandum of Understanding with the Global Cyber Alliance

LOS ANGELES – 16 June 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

APIGA 2020 Cancelled Due to COVID-19

SINGAPORE – 16 June 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and...

Enhancing the Effectiveness of ICANN’s Multistakeholder Model – Next Steps

Open Date: 4 June 2020 Close Date: 2 August 2020
Originating Organization: ICANN org,...

Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) Regional Strategic Plan for FY2021-2025

Open Date: 1 June 2020 Close Date: 14 July 2020
Originating Organization: Global Stakeholder...

Call for Expressions of Interest: ICANN 2021 Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect

LOS ANGELES – 29 May 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."