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Announcements

Register for ICANN67 Prep Week Webinars

LOS ANGELES – 14 January 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Chris Mondini Appointed ICANN Vice President, Stakeholder Engagement, Europe and Managing Director, Brussels

LOS ANGELES – 13 January 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Third Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT3): Webinar on Draft Report

Third Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT3): Webinar on Draft Report

LOS...

Proposed Dates for ICANN Public Meetings 2024-2028 and Revised Dates in 2022

Open Date: 2 January 2020 Close Date: 11 February 2020
Originating Organization: Global...

Proposed Final Report of the New gTLD Auction Proceeds Cross Community Working Group

Open Date: 23 December 2019 Close Date: 14 February 2020
Originating Organization: New gTLD...

Request for Proposal: IMRS Cluster (Singapore) Network Connectivity

LOS ANGELES – 23 December 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Request for Proposal: IMRS Cluster (Singapore) Co-Location

LOS ANGELES – 23 December 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Request for Quotation: Network Equipment Refresh 2020

LOS ANGELES – 23 December 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Request for Quotation: Server Equipment Refresh 2020

LOS ANGELES – 23 December 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Draft FY21-25 Operating & Financial Plan and Draft FY21 Operating Plan & Budget

Open Date: 20 December 2019 Close Date: 25 February 2020
Originating Organization: ICANN...

Apply Now for ICANN and PTI Leadership Positions

LOS ANGELES – 18 December 2019 – Today, the Nominating Committee (NomCom) for the Internet...

Third Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT3) Draft Report

Open Date: 16 December 2019 Close Date: 31 January 2020
Originating Organization: The third...

Revised Schedule for Public Comment Period on Two Key ICANN Plans

LOS ANGELES – 13 December 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

IANA Customer Engagement Survey Results Available

LOS ANGELES – 10 December 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Additional New gTLD Data Escrow Provider Announced

LOS ANGELES – 10 December 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Publishes Updated Domain Name Marketplace Indicators

LOS ANGELES – 9 December 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Mandy (Kathryn A.) Carver Appointed Senior Vice President of ICANN's Government & IGO Engagement Team

LOS ANGELES – 6 December 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Announces NextGen@ICANN67 Participants

LOS ANGELES – 06 December 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Country Code Top-Level Domains Can Now Participate in ICANN’s Domain Abuse Activity Reporting (DAAR) System

LOS ANGELES – 19 November 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Call for SOs/ACs to Nominate Fellowship Program Mentors

LOS ANGELES – 13 November 2019 – ICANN's Supporting Organizations (SOs) and Advisory Committees...

Implementation Plan for the GNSO Consensus Policy Relating to the Protection of Certain Red Cross Names

Open Date: 23 October 2019 Close Date: 12 December 2019
Originating Organization: GDD
...

DRAFT PTI and IANA FY21 Operating Plan and Budgets

...
Open Date: 14 October 2019 Close Date: 27 November 2019
Originating Organization:

Finance

Registration Directory Service (RDS-WHOIS2) Review Team Final Report

Open Date: 8 October 2019 Close Date: 25 November 2019
Originating Organization: ICANN...

Recommendations for the Technical Utilization of the Root Zone Label Generation Rules Published

LOS ANGELES – 7 October 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (lCANN)...

Register Now to Participate in the 4th Eastern European DNS Forum

BRUSSELS – 2 October 2019

Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."