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Announcements

ICANN Publishes Registry Operator Audit for Addressing DNS Security Threats

Los Angeles – 17 September 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Register for ICANN66 Prep Week Webinars

LOS ANGELES – 16 September 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

First ICANN Managed Root Server Instance Installed in Shanghai

SHANGHAI, China – 3 September 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Next Steps to Improve the Effectiveness of ICANN’s Multistakeholder Model

Open Date: 27 August 2019 Close Date: 14 October 2019
Originating Organization: ...

EBERO Providers Selected: Continued Protections for Registrants

LOS ANGELES – 26 August 2019 –The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN65 Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report and ICANN66 Statements of Interest Are Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 08 August 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Registration Now Open for 2019 LAC DNS Forum

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay – 31 July 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN67 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 18 July 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

GNSO Policy Development Process on IGO-INGO Access to Curative Rights Protection Mechanisms Policy Recommendations for ICANN Board Consideration

Open Date: 11 July 2019 Close Date: 20 August 2019
Originating Organization: Policy...

Third Version of Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone (RZ-LGR-3) Released

LOS ANGELES – 10 July 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Request for Proposal: Name Collision Analysis Project (NCAP) Study 1

LOS ANGELES – 9 July 2019 –The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

Proposed Definition of Name Collisions and Scope of Inquiry for the Name Collisions Analysis Project

Open Date: 2 July 2019 Close Date: 12 August 2019
Originating Organization: The Security and...

ICANN Extends Call for Expressions of Interest for 2020 Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect through 5 July 2019

Los Angeles – 14 June 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Draft Financial Assumptions & Projections and Operating Initiatives for the development of Fiscal Years 2021-2025 Operating & Financial Plan

Open Date: June 14, 2019 Close Date: August 5, 2019
Originating Organization: Office of the...

ICANN Publishes Results of Five-Year NextGen@ICANN Survey

LOS ANGELES – 13 June 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Announces Successful String Evaluation for the European Commission and Laos IDN ccTLDs

LOS ANGELES – 5 June 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Adopted FY20 Budget and Five-Year Operating Plan Update To Take Effect on 1 July 2019

LOS ANGELES – 4 June 2019 – The FY20 Budget and Five-Year Operating Plan Update was adopted by...

Non-Contracted Party House (NCPH) Election Procedures for Board Seat #14

Open Date: 3 June 2019 Close Date: 24 June 2019
Originating Organization: Generic Names...

ICANN and PTI Publish U.S. Tax Returns for Fiscal Year Ending 30 June 2018

LOS ANGELES – 31 May 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Call for Volunteers: Implementation Review Team for Registration Data Policy Implementation

Los Angeles – 20 May 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

ICANN Organization Publishes First Human Rights Impact Assessment

LOS ANGELES – 15 May 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Study on Technical Use of Root Zone Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 15 May 2019 Close Date: 30 June 2019
Originating Organization: ICANN: Global...

Apply Now: The Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy 2019

Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy 2018

SINGAPORE – 14 May 2019 – Applications for the 4th Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy...

ICANN64 Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report and ICANN65 Statements Of Interest Are Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 13 May 2019 – The Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report from ICANN64 is now...

ICANN Board Adopts the FY20 Operating Plan and Budget

LOS ANGELES – 9 May 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."