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Announcements

"GNSO Working Group Newcomer Open House Session" Re-Launch

Did you ever wonder what it would be like to volunteer for a GNSO Working Group? Do you have...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .EMERCK, .HAMBURG and .BERLIN TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 2 March 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level...

Results Available for 25 February 2015 New gTLD Program Auction

On 25 February 2015, Power Auctions LLC, ICANN's authorized auction service provider, conducted...

ICANN Updates Authorization Process for Release of Two-Character ASCII Labels

Today, ICANN is announcing updates to the "Authorization Process for the Release of...

Closing Date Approaching: Nomination Period For 2015 ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award | Award Presentation Planned for ICANN 53 | Nominations Close 02 March 2015

On 10 December 2015 ICANN announced the opening of the nomination period for ICANN's 2015...

Second Middle East DNS Forum to Take Place in Amman Jordan

What: Middle East DNS Forum
When: March 9-10, 2015
TIMES: 8:00 – 17:30 (please see agenda below)...

CWG-Stewardship Chairs' Statement - Summary of ICANN 52 Meeting | Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson

The Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions held two sessions at the...

ICANN 52 Board Statement on ICANN Sending IANA Stewardship Transition and Enhancing ICANN Accountability Proposals to NTIA

We have received several questions requesting clarification as to how ICANN will handle receipt...

CWG-Stewardship Publishes Discussion Document for ICANN 52

The CWG-Stewardship has created a Discussion Document [PDF, 447 KB] for the ICANN 52 meeting in...

IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group - Fourth Face-to-Face Meeting & Public Session at ICANN 52

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) will be holding its next face-to-face...

IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group – Announcement Regarding Community Comments

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG)'s Request for Proposals [PDF, 84 KB]...

Selection of International Law Advisor to the Enhancing ICANN Accountability Process

The Accountability & Governance Public Experts Group (PEG) announces the selection of the...

Third Face-to-Face Meeting for the Task Force on Arabic Script IDNs (TF-AIDN) to Convene in Singapore

When: February 6-8, 2015
Where: Raffles City Convention Center, Singapore (Room "Fullerton")

Group photo of the Task Force on Arabic Script IDNs group

...

Joint CWG-Stewardship & CCWG-Accountability Chairs' Statement

Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson – CWG-Stewardship
Thomas Rickert, León Sanchez, & Mathieu...

Joint Statement from ISOC / ICANN Meeting

On 17 December 2014 representatives from ISOC and ICANN, along with the chairs of the IETF and...

Selection of Advisors to the Enhancing ICANN Accountability Process

The Accountability & Governance Public Experts Group (PEG) announces the selection of...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .BMW and .MINI TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 11 December 2014
Categories/Tags:
  • ...

Call for Volunteers to Participate in Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability)

In brief

The Cross Community Working Group (CCWG) was formed to deliver proposals that would...

IANA Stewardship Transition Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions

Chairs' Statement with progress update and route ahead
Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson

...

IANA Stewardship Transition Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions

Chairs' Statement on Frankfurt Face-to-Face Meeting

Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson

The Cross...

U.S. Court Quashes Attempts to Attach ccTLDs: Federal Judge Agrees with ICANN

A U.S. federal court has agreed with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN 52 Meeting to Relocate to Singapore | Marrakech, Morocco Meeting to Take Place in Early 2016

Community concerns that would prevent maximum participation at its next global meeting (ICANN...

ICG Announces Sixth Conference Call

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) will hold its sixth conference call on...

ICANN CEO Congratulates Newly Elected ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU), originally the International Telegraph Union...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."