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Announcements

ICANN Holds First Capacity Development Workshop for Pacific GAC Members

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) in cooperation with the ICANN...

ICANN58 Copenhagen GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN58 in Copenhagen has issued its Copenhagen...

Krista Papac Named as ICANN Complaints Officer

10 March 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced...

ICANN's Draft FY18 Operating Plan and Budget, and Five-Year Operating Plan Update

Open Date: 8 March 2017 Close Date: 28 April 2017
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

At-Large Community Announces Candidates for ICANN Board of Directors

Today, ICANN Staff announced, on behalf of the Board Candidate Evaluation Committee (BCEC) and...

Updated Supplementary Procedures for Independent Review Process (IRP)

Open Date: 28 November 2016 Close Date: 10 January 2017
Originating Organization: ...

ICANN57 Hyderabad GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN57 in Hyderabad has issued its Hyderabad...

ICANN Audited Financial Statements for FY16 Have Been Published

In support of its continued commitment to accountability and transparency, ICANN today published...

ICANN 2016 Nominating Committee Announces Members of the NomCom2 Review Working Party

The 2016 Nominating Committee (NomCom) is pleased to announce its selections of 11 volunteers to...

Pre-ICANN57 Policy Update Webinar

Please RSVP via this form by 14 October 2016.
Remote participation details will be sent the week...

Call for Participation - Privacy & Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Policy Development Process (PDP) Implementation Review Team (IRT)

On 9 August 2016, the ICANN Board of Directors adopted the recommendations of the Privacy &...

ICANN 2016 Nominating Committee Announces Selections

The ICANN 2016 Nominating Committee is pleased to announce its selections for seven leadership...

Additional IDN ccTLD Requests from India Successfully Pass String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful evaluation of four additional proposed IDN ccTLD...

ICANN Announces Incorporation of Public Technical Identifiers (PTI)

ICANN today announced that the incorporation documents for the "Post-Transition IANA"...

Call for Public Comment on IANA IPR Agreements

Today, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Trust, the operational communities, and ICANN...

Proposed Guidelines for the Second String Similarity Review Process

Open Date: 20 July 2016 Close Date: 31 August 2016
Originating Organization: ccNSO
...

ICANN Publishes gTLD Marketplace Health Index (Beta) for Community Feedback

Today, ICANN published the gTLD Marketplace Health Index (Beta) [PDF, 2.37 MB] for community...

Call for Expressions of Interest to Host ICANN Meetings in 2019 and 2020

ICANN is actively seeking hosts for its public meetings to be held in 2019 and 2020 in Europe,...

Draft PTI Bylaws

Open Date: 12 July 2016 Close Date: 11 August 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

ICANN Board Adopts Updated Five-Year Operating Plan, and FY17 Operating Plan and Budget

The ICANN Board adopted the updated ICANN Five Year Operating Plan, and the ICANN FY17 Operating...

2016 Multistakeholder Ethos Award Recognizes Two Members of the Global Internet Community

2016 Multistakeholder Ethos Award Recognizes Two Members of the Global Internet Community

ICANN is pleased to announce the recipients of the 2016 Multistakeholder Ethos Award. This...

IANA Functions, DNSSEC Audits: ICANN Systems Have Appropriate Controls

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has completed annual,...

Plan to Transition Stewardship of Key Internet Functions Sent to the U.S. Government

Marrakech, Morocco… Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Board Chair Dr....

ICG Completes Its Work and Awaits Conclusion of CCWG on Enhancing ICANN Accountability

Original posting:...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."