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Announcements

ICANN65 Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report and ICANN66 Statements of Interest Are Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 08 August 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Request for Proposal: Name Collision Analysis Project (NCAP) Study 1

LOS ANGELES – 9 July 2019 –The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

Apply Now: The Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy 2019

Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy 2018

SINGAPORE – 14 May 2019 – Applications for the 4th Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy...

ICANN64 Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report and ICANN65 Statements Of Interest Are Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 13 May 2019 – The Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report from ICANN64 is now...

Proposed FY20 Operating Plan and Budget for ICANN Board Adoption Published

LOS ANGELES – 02 May 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers...

Call for Volunteers: NomCom Review Implementation Working Group

LOS ANGELES - 25 March 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN),...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN65 Fellowship

LOS ANGELES – 28 February 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN64 Prep Week

ICANN org is piloting a new initiative called Prep Week to consolidate all pre-ICANN Public...

2021 ICANN Public Meeting – Annual General Meeting Location Announced

LOS ANGELES – 31 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Releases its Third Report on Global Legislative and Regulatory Developments

31 January 2019 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has released...

ICANN Board Creates Working Group on Anti-Harassment

LOS ANGELES – 28 January 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Opportunities to Participate: ICANN Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 22 January 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Apply Now for ICANN and PTI Leadership Positions

LOS ANGELES – 17 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers'...

ICANN Opportunities to Participate: Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 4 December 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Board Reaffirms Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

LOS ANGELES – 8 November 2018 – The Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

Request for Information: ICANN Meetings Shipping and Logistics

LOS ANGELES – 31 August 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

German Appellate Court Rules on ICANN Request to Preserve WHOIS Data

LOS ANGELES – 3 August 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (“ICANN”)...

ICANN62 Panama City GAC Communiqué

PANAMA CITY – 28 June 2018 – Today, the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) meeting at ICANN62...

German Regional Court to Revisit Ruling in Injunction Proceedings on Request to Preserve WHOIS data

LOS ANGELES – 21 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) was...

German Court Rules on ICANN Request to Preserve WHOIS Data

LOS ANGELES – 30 May 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN")...

ICANN Files Legal Action in Germany to Preserve WHOIS Data

LOS ANGELES – 25 May 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Holds First Capacity Development Workshop for Asia GAC Members

SINGAPORE – 15 February 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN),...

Implementation of the Consensus Policy for Protection of Certain Specific IGO and INGO Identifiers for All gTLDs

LOS ANGELES – 16 January 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Public Comment Period Extended: Operating Standards for ICANN's Specific Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 8 January 2018 – The deadline to submit comments on the Operating Standards for...

Registration Open for ICANN Academy 2018 Leadership Program

LOS ANGELES – 11 December 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."