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Announcements

Apply Now: The Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy 2019

Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy 2018

SINGAPORE – 14 May 2019 – Applications for the 4th Asia Pacific Internet Governance Academy...

ICANN64 Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report and ICANN65 Statements Of Interest Are Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 13 May 2019 – The Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report from ICANN64 is now...

Webinar Invitation: Evolving ICANN’s Multistakeholder Model

LOS ANGELES – 7 May 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Additional 2021 ICANN Public Meeting Locations Announced

LOS ANGELES – 6 May 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Proposed FY20 Operating Plan and Budget for ICANN Board Adoption Published

LOS ANGELES – 02 May 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers...

Process Proposal for Streamlining Organizational Reviews

Open Date: 30 April 2019 Close Date: 15 July 2019
Originating Organization: Multistakeholder...

ICANN Publishes Staff Report On First Consultation on Two-Year Planning Process

LOS ANGELES – 2 April 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Call for Volunteers: NomCom Review Implementation Working Group

LOS ANGELES - 25 March 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN),...

ICANN66 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 11 March 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN65 Fellowship

LOS ANGELES – 28 February 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Application Deadline Extended for ICANN and PTI Leadership Positions

LOS ANGELES – 19 February 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN64 Prep Week

ICANN org is piloting a new initiative called Prep Week to consolidate all pre-ICANN Public...

2021 ICANN Public Meeting – Annual General Meeting Location Announced

LOS ANGELES – 31 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Draft FY20 Operating Plan and Budget and Five-Year Operating Plan Update - Correction

Originating Organization: ICANN Organization
Categories/Tags: Operations/Finance
Brief...

ICANN Board Creates Working Group on Anti-Harassment

LOS ANGELES – 28 January 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Opportunities to Participate: ICANN Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 22 January 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Apply Now for ICANN and PTI Leadership Positions

LOS ANGELES – 17 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers'...

SSAC2 Review: Final Report Available

LOS ANGELES – 7 January 2019 – Analysis Group, the independent examiner performing the second...

ICANN’s Report on the Five Years of the LAC Strategy Highlight Increased Regional Engagement

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay – 4 December 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN Opportunities to Participate: Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 4 December 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Publishes ICANN63 By the Numbers Report

LOS ANGELES – 28 November 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 20 November 2018 – The inaugural Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report from...

ICANN Opportunities to Participate: Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 13 November 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Board Reaffirms Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

LOS ANGELES – 8 November 2018 – The Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

The Hebrew Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Hebrew Script Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

LOS ANGELES – 15 October 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."