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Announcements

Accountability and Transparency Review: Survey Available for Community Input

LOS ANGELES – 19 August 2019 – The third Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT3) has...

ICANN 2019 Nominating Committee Announces Leadership Selections

LOS ANGELES – 19 August 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Mentors Young Leaders in Asia Pacific

SEOUL, Republic of Korea – 15 August 2019 – The Internet of tomorrow might well be influenced by...

ICANN65 Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report and ICANN66 Statements of Interest Are Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 08 August 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Registration Now Open for 2019 LAC DNS Forum

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay – 31 July 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

Updated Request for Proposal: Name Collision Analysis Project (NCAP) Study 1

LOS ANGELES – 22 July 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

ICANN67 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 18 July 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

The Annual ICANN APAC Space Survey is Now Open

SINGAPORE – 15 July 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Announces Participants NextGen@ICANN66

LOS ANGELES – 12 July 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has...

GNSO Policy Development Process on IGO-INGO Access to Curative Rights Protection Mechanisms Policy Recommendations for ICANN Board Consideration

Open Date: 11 July 2019 Close Date: 20 August 2019
Originating Organization: Policy...

Third Version of Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone (RZ-LGR-3) Released

LOS ANGELES – 10 July 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Request for Proposal: Name Collision Analysis Project (NCAP) Study 1

LOS ANGELES – 9 July 2019 –The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

Proposed Definition of Name Collisions and Scope of Inquiry for the Name Collisions Analysis Project

Open Date: 2 July 2019 Close Date: 12 August 2019
Originating Organization: The Security and...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN66 Fellowship

LOS ANGELES – 2 July 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN65 Marrakech GAC Communiqué

MARRAKECH, MOROCCO – 27 JUNE 2019 – Today, the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC)...

2019 ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award Honors Kurt Pritz

MARRAKECH, MOROCCO – 24 June 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Draft Final Report of The Second Country Code Names Supporting Organization Review (ccNSO2)

Open Date: 17 June 2019 Close Date: 4 August 2019
Originating Organization: Multistakeholder...

ICANN Extends Call for Expressions of Interest for 2020 Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect through 5 July 2019

Los Angeles – 14 June 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Draft Financial Assumptions & Projections and Operating Initiatives for the development of Fiscal Years 2021-2025 Operating & Financial Plan

Open Date: June 14, 2019 Close Date: August 5, 2019
Originating Organization: Office of the...

ICANN Publishes Results of Five-Year NextGen@ICANN Survey

LOS ANGELES – 13 June 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Proposed IANA SLAs for Publishing LGRs/IDN Tables

Open Date: 10 June 2019 Close Date: 26 July 2019
Originating Organization:

Internet...

Revisions to the ICANN Bylaws re SSAC and RSSAC Leadership

Open Date: 10 June 2019 Close Date: 26 July 2019
Originating Organization: Internet...

Fundamental Bylaws Amendment Proposal – IANA Naming Function Review

Open Date: 10 June 2019 Close Date: 26 July 2019
Originating Organization:

Internet...

ICANN Announces Successful String Evaluation for the European Commission and Laos IDN ccTLDs

LOS ANGELES – 5 June 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Adopted FY20 Budget and Five-Year Operating Plan Update To Take Effect on 1 July 2019

LOS ANGELES – 4 June 2019 – The FY20 Budget and Five-Year Operating Plan Update was adopted by...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."