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ICANN Announces DENIC eG as New ICANN-Designated Agent to Support Registrar Data Escrow Services

LOS ANGELES – 15 May 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced it has entered into an agreement with DENIC eG as an ICANN-designated agent to support Registrar Data Escrow (RDE) services on the ICANN organization's behalf. DENIC eG is a not-for-profit cooperative headquartered in Frankfurt, Germany and is the operator of the ccTLD .DE.

ICANN org selected DENIC through a competitive Request for Proposal initiated in August 2017, following requests from the registrar community to expand the RDE program, in part to meet regional challenges such as the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation.

Background

The Registrar Data Escrow program is intended to protect registrants in the event of registrar failure or termination of a Registrar Accreditation Agreement (RAA). Ensuring the successful transfer of a domain name sponsorship aligns with the ICANN org's objective to support a healthy, stable, and resilient unique identifier ecosystem and is consistent with its Mission and Bylaws (Section 1.1) that states, "ICANN coordinates the allocation and assignment of names in the root zone of the Domain Name System (DNS) and coordinates the development and implementation of policies concerning the registration of second-level domain names in generic top-level domains (gTLDs)."

The 2013 Registrar Accreditation Agreement requires registrars to deposit a copy of gTLD registration data with either the ICANN org or with an ICANN-approved RDE agent at its own expense. Since 2007, Iron Mountain has acted as the sole ICANN-designated RDE agent, which has accepted and processed the registrar escrow deposits on behalf of ICANN org. DENIC eG is the second ICANN-designated RDE agent available to registrars. Registrars may also utilize Third Party Providers approved by both ICANN and the registrar; for more information on the Registrar Data Escrow Program and other Third Party Providers see: https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/registrar-data-escrow-2015-12-01-en.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."