Skip to main content

ICANN Signs Memorandum of Understanding with the Georgian National Communications Commission

BRUSSELS – 7 December 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Georgian National Communications Commission (GNCC). This MoU aims to bolster the relationship between the ICANN and GNCC and enhance their collaboration in support of an efficient and resilient Domain Name System (DNS). These efforts are of interest to both parties and target important issues such as security threats to the DNS.

The MoU aims to leverage both parties' vision of a secure and resilient Internet infrastructure to support and protect the unique communities which make up one single, global community.

Much of ICANN's work, such as helping to mitigate DNS security threats, data privacy, Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs), and Universal Acceptance, are intended to protect the DNS from security threats that affect millions of Internet users and are a primary concern for both organizations. The MoU is intended to advance the organizations' shared objective of supporting activities in the areas of developing the Domain Name Industry, supporting the use of IDNs, and promoting the multistakeholder model of Internet governance. Read the full Memorandum of Understanding here.

About ICANN

ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure, and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you need to type an address – a name or a number – into your computer or other device. That address must be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with a community of participants from all over the world.


More Announcements
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."