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Enhancing the Effectiveness of ICANN’s Multistakeholder Model – Next Steps

Open Date: 4 June 2020 Close Date: 2 August 2020
Originating Organization: ICANN org, Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives (MSSI)
Categories/Tags: Governance, Evolving, Multistakeholder Model
Brief Overview:

One of the Board's high-priority topics for 2020 is to continue working on the "Enhancing the Effectiveness of ICANN's Multistakeholder Model" initiative, building on the work that the community has completed to date. The objective of the "Enhancing the Effectiveness of ICANN's Multistakeholder Model – Next Steps" paper is to build upon existing work taking place across the ICANN community to holistically address the community-identified priority topics and enhance the effective and efficient functioning of ICANN's multistakeholder model. This paper describes work currently underway, identifies gaps in those efforts that would benefit from inclusion in this effort, and suggests a path toward addressing each of those gaps, including proposed work processes or mechanisms, how they may be applied, and which groups may be best positioned to lead those efforts.

The Board is seeking the community's input on the following: the work plan; the remaining work areas, and the evaluation mechanism.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."