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Country Code Top-Level Domains Can Now Participate in ICANN’s Domain Abuse Activity Reporting (DAAR) System

LOS ANGELES – 19 November 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced that country code top-level domain (ccTLD) operators will now be able to actively participate in the Domain Abuse Activity Reporting (DAAR) system.

ICANN's DAAR system is used to study and report on domain name registration and security threat behavior across top-level domain (TLD) registries. The data is obtained from a curated list of Domain Name System (DNS) reputation providers.

Now, ccTLD operators can pull their own aggregated DAAR data via the Monitoring System Application Programing Interface (MoSAPI). The MoSAPI interface allows registry operators to retrieve information collected by the ICANN Service Level Agreement Monitoring (SLAM) system. While ccTLD operators will not be subject to the SLAs the SLAM system monitors, using MoSAPI will allow a consistent interface for all registries participating in DAAR. The aggregated data counts security threats broken down by threat type (e.g., phishing, botnet command and control, malware distribution, and spam) per TLD. These data sets will be similar to those of the generic top-level domains (gTLDs) that are currently provided via MoSAPI. Having access to such data will enable ccTLD operators to monitor the DAAR security threat levels per threat type per month in the same way as gTLD operators.

The ICANN organization invites all ccTLD operators to participate in the DAAR project to promote a greater understanding of DNS abuse across the global DNS. To participate, ccTLD operators should send a request to globalsupport@icann.org to begin the process.

More Information

For additional discussions regarding DAAR project data sharing and any other measurement of DNS security threats and abuse related topics please join the DNS-Abuse-Measurements mailing list.

DAAR webpage: https://www.icann.org/octo-ssr/daar.

About ICANN

ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure, and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you need to type an address – a name or a number – into your computer or other device. That address must be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with a community of participants from all over the world.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."