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国家和地区名称支持组织第二轮审核 (ccNSO2)《最终报告草案》现已出炉


评议开放日期: 2019 年 6 月 17 日 截止日期: 2019 年 8 月 4 日
发起组织: 多利益相关方战略和战略计划 (MSSI)
类别/标签: 审核/进步
简介: 负责执行国家和地区名称支持组织第二轮审核 (ccNSO2) 的独立审核人 Meridian Institute 公司现已发布其《最终报告草案》,以征询公众意见。Meridian Institute 公司将分别在 ICANN65 届摩洛哥马拉喀什会议举办期间于 2019 年 6 月 26 日召开的一场会议中和将于世界协调时 2019 年 7 月 10 日 19:00 时召开的网络研讨会中,向广大社群介绍这份《最终报告草案》。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."