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ICANN Systems Controls Validated by Annual IANA Functions Audit

LOS ANGELES – 26 March 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has completed audits of the key systems used to deliver the IANA functions by Public Technical Identifiers (PTI). Accounting firm, RSM US LLP, conducted the audits of the Registry Assignment and Maintenance Systems (RAMS) and the Root Zone Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) services for the period of 1 October 2017 through 30 November 2018.

For the sixth consecutive year, a Service Organization Control (SOC) 2 audit of PTI's RAMS shows that the ICANN organization has the appropriate controls in place to ensure the security, availability, and integrity of IANA request processing.

For the ninth consecutive year, an exception-free SOC3 has been achieved for the management of the DNSSEC Root Key Signing Key (KSK), which is the trust anchor of the Domain Name System. The SOC 3 demonstrates that effective security, availability, and process integrity controls exist to manage the Root KSK. The report is publicly available at https://www.iana.org/reports/2019/soc3-pe-201811.pdf.

"Ensuring appropriate controls are in place is an essential part of our commitment to the community. This year our team has achieved a commendable result under review by a new audit firm, while executing an ambitious hardware and software replacement program and successfully completing the first KSK rollover" said Kim Davies, Vice President, IANA Services and President, PTI.

SOC audits evaluate an organization's controls in relation to "trust services principles and criteria" and are managed by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA).

About ICANN

ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure, and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you need to type an address – a name or a number – into your computer or other device. That address must be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with a community of participants from all over the world.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."